FAIRY TALES & FOLKLORE
Midnight in Cinderella's World
Detail from a Russian Lacquer Box
(Courtesy of Tradestone International)
Late Autumn 1998 Author's Note:
Since I focus on Cinderella in my "Folklore and Fairytales" course, I promised my students that I'd include Cinderella websites when Mything Links debuts in November 1998.......so here, to fulfill my promise, are the sites I currently have....
Early Summer 2000 Author's Note:
There is now much more here -- for frequent visitors, all new additions have been dated....
Pushkin's Tales for Children
Russian Lacquer Box Courtesy of Russian Sunbirds
[Added 21 June 2000]: This essay, Once Upon a Time: How Fairy Tales Shape Our Lives, by Dr. Jonathan Young (for The Center for Story & Symbol) is a beautiful introduction to fairy tales and why they play such a rich and important role in our lives.http://www.surlalunefairytales.com/: [Link updated 9 October 2003]
[Added 16 November 2000]: This is a truly marvelous site: "The SurLaLune Fairy Tale Pages" by Heidi Anne Heiner. About herself she writes:http://www.folkandfairy.orgThis site began as a class project when I was a graduate student in Information Science at University of Tennessee in the fall of 1998. It has grown by leaps and bounds and will never be "finished" as I continue to read, study and learn more about fairy tales and folklore in general....The site is a labor of love filled with great tales, art, and information. Don't miss it!
....This site is not scholarly, but I hope it will help and inspire young scholars, particularly high school and college students to enjoy literature and folklore. I consider myself to be an ardent hobbyist, not a professor or expert in the field....
...[I] have a Master of Information Science degree from the University of Tennessee, Knoxville that is accredited by the American Library Association. Consequently, I am a trained librarian and researcher which is how this site came to be....
[Added 22 June 2000]: From Tracey A. Callison comes "Sources for the Analysis and Interpretation of Folk and Fairy Tales," a great collection of bibliographies that look at literary as well as psychological traditions (ranging from feminist analysis to Marxist).http://www.langlab.wayne.edu/MarvelsHome/Marvels_Tales.html
Her categories cover General Approaches, the Psychoanalytic Approach, the Feminist Approach, the Literary Approach, Children and Youth, the Second Half of Life, and Specific Cultures. The bibliographies offer many books available through amazon.com (hyperlinks are included); others have to be tracked through interlibrary loan programs. There are also a few annotated links to relevant websites.
[Added 14 November 2000]: This is the home page for a major folklore journal: Marvels & Tales: Journal of Fairy-Tale Studies from Wayne State University under the editorship of Donald Haase. Indices and abstracts of papers and reviews from back issues are included (orders can be placed online).http://afsnet.org/publications/jaf/
[Added 16 November 2000]: This is the Journal of American Folklore, another important journal. Links will take you to the contents of individual volumes but, unfortunately, unlike the above entry, no abstracts are provided.http://www.pitt.edu/~dash/folklinks.html
[Added 23 June 2000]: This is an excellent collection of briefly annotated links to folk and fairy tales from Professor D. L. Ashliman at the University of Pittsburgh. It includes links to encyclopedias and journals.http://www.fas.harvard.edu/~folkmyth/: [Link updated 9 October 2003]
[Added 13 November 2000]: This Harvard University's "Folklore & Mythology" page -- it's an introduction to their impressive program for interested students. For all others, check their excellent "Resources" section (the site is trapped in frames so I can't extract a direct link).http://www.scils.rutgers.edu/special/kay/swlinks.html
[Added 14 November 2000]: Don't even bother to click on this link unless you have hours to spend <smile>. It's a collection of annotated links to cross-cultural myths and fairytales (including Oz) chosen by Professor Kay E. Vandergrift at Rutgers University. She includes links for scholars as well as for teachers and children.http://paganism.com/ag/articles/goose.html:
[Added 16 November 2000]: This is "The Magick of the Real Mother Goose," a collection of brief essays, backed up by "Mother Goose" rhymes, to show that this lady was originally an elderly crone, or "wise woman" -- i.e., a witch. The essays are entry-level but useful -- don't overlook the two essays linked to rhymes in the text section.
[Added 22 June 2000]: This is a page from Professor D. L. Ashliman of the University of Pittsburgh on folklore collector, Charles Perrault (1628-1703), and his "Mother Goose Tales":...Perrault could have not predicted that his reputation for future generations would rest almost entirely on a slender book published in 1697 containing eight simple stories with the unassuming title: Stories or Tales from Times Past, with Morals, with the added title in the frontispiece, Tales of Mother Goose.Those eight famous tales include Sleeping Beauty, Little Red Riding Hood, Puss in Boots, Cinderella, and Bluebeard.
The Brothers Grimm:
Jacob (1785-1863) & Wilhelm (1786-1859)
[Added 22 June 2000]: This is Professor D. L. Ashliman's page on two German folklore scholars, the Brothers Grimm: Jacob Ludwig Carl Grimm (1785-1863) and Wilhelm Carl Grimm (1786-1859). There is biographical data as well as explorations into specific tales (e.g., "slimy suitor" tales like the Frog Prince).http://www.pitt.edu/~dash/grimmtales.html
[Added 24 June 2000]: This is an on-going and growing body of carefully translated texts from The Grimm Brothers' Children's and Household Tales (Grimms' Fairy Tales), compiled, translated, and classified by D. L. Ashliman.http://gutenberg.aol.de/autoren/grimm.htm: [Link is dead, 10/9/03 - I'm keeping the listing in case it turns up again.]
[Added 24 June 2000]: This is an excellent German site on the Grimms (in German only). The above painting of the Grimms comes from here.
Mything Links' Finland page
Elias Lonnrot (1802-1884)
[Added 24 June 2000]: The Finn, Elias Lonnrot (1802-1884), was a medical doctor who collected Finnish bardic songs while making his rounds through remote regions of eastern Finland. From this, the Finnish epic, Kalevala, emerged. I have a separate Mything Links page on Lonnrot as well as on this epic.
http://www.andersen.sdu.dk/index_e.html: [Link updated 9 October 2003]
Hans Christian Andersen (1805-1875)
[Added 24 June 2000]: From the Hans Christian Andersen Center in Odense, a joint effort with the University of Southern Denmark - Odense University, comes an excellent site on Andersen's life and works. The above link goes to the English version but it's also available in Danish.
George MacDonald (1824-1905)
[Added 22 June 2000]: This is a fine webpage on Scottish minister and author, George MacDonald (1824-1905), one of my favorite writers when I was a child (I adored his At the Back of the North Wind). The site is trapped in frames so I can't extract favorite pages...but there is much of great value here, including excellent essays from the academic world. (Note: the site also includes data on C. S. Lewis and Lewis Carroll.)http://www.fairrosa.info/carroll.html: [Link updated 9 October 2003]
Lewis Carroll (1832-1898)
[Added 22 June 2000]: This is a site on British author and mathematician, Lewis Carrol (1832-1898), a pseudonym of Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, author of two immortal children's books, Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass.http://www.literature.org/authors/carroll-lewis/
[Added 9 October 2003]:These are online texts for Lewis Carroll's: Alice's Adventures in Wonderland; The Hunting of the Snark; Through The Looking Glass; and Sylvie and Bruno.
Andrew Lang (1844-1912)
[Added 25 June 2000]: Scottish scholar, Andrew Lang (1844-1912), is most famous in the fairy tale world for his wonderful collections named for colors. (Note: if you check under "L" for "Lang" on Ashliman's site, you'll find links to several of these books.) From another Scot, Andrew Crumey, comes this well written look at Andrew Lang's life; it includes a complete listing of his huge number of works.
Sir James George Frazer (1854-1941)
[Added 22 June 2000]: This is a useful overview of the life and work of another Scottish scholar, Sir James George Frazer (1854-1941), author of the famous work on comparative myth, lore, religion, magic, and ritual, The Golden Bough.http://kroeber.anthro.mankato.msus.edu/information/biography/fghij/frazer_james.html
[Added 24 June 2000]: This site, briefer than the above, looks at Frazer as a social anthropologist.http://people.a2000.nl/mjsmit/Frazer/: [10/9/03: couldn't get through -- might be broken]
[Added 24 June 2000]: Here Frazer's Golden Bough is considered in a social anthropological context. The page is still under construction but looks promising.http://falcon.jmu.edu/~ramseyil/baum.htm
L. Frank Baum (1856-1919)
[Added 9 October 2003]:This is an excellent "Teacher Resource File" on L. Frank Baum, including fine biographies, many links to Oz, lesson plans, and much more.http://www.literature.org/authors/baum-l-frank/
L. Frank Baum, 1899 (Underwood & Underwood)
[Added 9 October 2003]:These are online texts for L. Frank Baum's Oz books: The Wonderful Wizard of Oz; The Marvelous Land of Oz; Ozma of Oz; Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz; The Road to Oz; The Emerald City of Oz; The Patchwork Girl of Oz; Tik-Tok of Oz; The Scarecrow of Oz; Rinkitink In Oz; The Lost Princess Of Oz; The Tin Woodman Of Oz; The Magic of Oz; and Glinda Of Oz.http://www.slainte.org.uk/scotauth/barridsw.htm
Sir James Matthew Barrie (1860-1937)
[Added 9 October 2003]: This is a brief but good biographical sketch of author and journalist, Sir James Matthew Barrie.http://condor.depaul.edu/~sleigh1/study.html
[Added 9 October 2003]: This is "The Peter Pan Study Guide," a marvelous site about a school production of Peter Pan. The director, Susan Leigh, includes her own notes and struggles with the production. For example:http://www.literature.org/authors/barrie-james-matthew/...One great disappointment to me as I looked at the original texts for production was that they were anything but politically correct. They seemed very dated in their racist and sexist casting and characterization. Written at they beginning of this century, it was plain to see how far our sensitivities have actually developed in cultural matters since then. There is little one can do to revise a classic by license, so I began to think of how I could still do this play and not offend the audience because I wasn't able to change it! There are freedoms in design and directing choices. In order to make it accessible to today's youth, I set it in Chicago 1997. I thought that one modern kid's view of Neverland might be to have the Loop all to yourself, no adults, no rules; just other kids and a lot of magic. I have attempted to cast in a more multicultural way to better reflect a 90's urban environment as best I could from our existing pool of actors at DePaul. I have cast some roles differently than they were originally cast with regards to gender as well. In costume and characterization choices I have also tried to strengthen and empower some roles without changing the story line in any way....She also includes a section with intriguing biographical insights -- for example:...When Barrie was six, his older brother David (the mother's favorite) died and Barrie spent the rest of his childhood trying to replace his brother for his mourning mother. This attempt to replace a forever-young David would take its toll on the rest of Barrie's adult life and his writing. Barrie could be described as small and shy. As a man, he stood little more than five feet, was quiet and awkward around women....
[Added 9 October 2003]:This site provides online texts for The Adventures of Peter Pan, The little White Bird, and Margaret Ogilvy.
J.R.R. Tolkien (1892-1973)
[Added 24 June 2000]: South African-born J.R.R. Tolkien (1892-1973) has long been a favorite of mine. This is a lovingly detailed chronology of his life by Darryl Friesen.http://www.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/u/relipper/tolkien/rootpage.html: [10/9/03: dead link, but I'm keeping the annotation]
[Added 24 June 2000]: This is Eric Lippert's "J.R.R. Tolkien Information Page" -- a lengthy page with links of wildly uneven quality, including the home page of every Tolkien fan he could locate. If you're patient, however, there are some gems here.http://www.daimi.au.dk/~bouvin/tolkienfaq.html: [Link updated 10/9/03]
[Added 22-24 June 2000]: This is another Tolkien site. Unfortunately, I have been unable to reach the site recently -- it looked intriguing when I first bookmarked it but a fuller annotation will have to wait until I have time to get through to its URL. Update 10/9/03: The site has many categories about Tolkien and his characters -- questions are posed in each category and then answered. It's an interesting approach and elicits good details.http://cslewis.DrZeus.net/
C. S. Lewis (1898-1963)
[Added 22 June 2000]: From a devoted fan, "Dr. Zeus," comes this site on Northern Ireland's C. S. Lewis (1898-1963).http://falcon.jmu.edu/~ramseyil/rowling.htm
J. K. Rowling
[Added 9 October 2003]:This is the "J. K. Rowling Teacher Resource File," a fine collection of links to biographies of Rowling, "Harry Potter Stuff," literary criticism, and lesson plans.http://www.okukbooks.com/harry/rowling.htm: [10/9/03: this now goes to Little Tiger Press but it's so high tech it won't let me in unless I install a newer version of Netscape, which I won't do. So unclear if the site still contains what I wrote about below. ::sigh::]
[Added 24 June 2000]: In the tradition of the best of Europe's fairy tale writers comes Scotland's J. K. Rowling, author of the marvelous Harry Potter books. She has restored genuine wonder and magic to a genre that recently has been sacrificing those qualities and replacing them with too much morality and/or "cuteness." This site will take you to two pages in which she writes about her own life and experiences.http://newage.about.com/religion/newage/library/weekly/aa061700a.htm: [10/9/03: no longer available but I'm keeping the annotation.]
[Added 24 June 2000]: From Barbara Bianco at about.com comes "In Defense of Harry Potter and All the Wizards of the World," an intelligent look at controversies swirling around the much-needed (and in certain quarters, much-feared) magic in Rowling's Harry Potter books.http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0814322085/qid=961878813/sr=1-2/104-2563964-4866338
[Added 24 June 2000]: If you are wondering why so few women are represented in the traditional fairy tale "canon," I urge you to get Wayne State University Press' The Reception of Grimms' Fairy Tales: Responses, Reactions, Revisions, edited by Donald Haase, and read the brilliant paper by Shawn Jarvis ("Trivial Pursuit? Women Deconstructing the Grimmian Model in the Kaffeterkreis") on the reaction of the first generation of girls to be "socialized" by the Grimms' stories. Also don't miss Haase's essay, "Response and Responsibility in Reading Grimms' Fairy Tales," especially his section on feminist critic, Karen Rowe.
The Princess & the Pea
By Edmund Dulac
[Added 21 June 2000]: This is a huge index of worldwide folklore (European and elsewhere) from Professor D. L. Ashliman of the University of Pittsburgh. Motifs are alphabetized; the sheer amount of information is extraordinary. Plan to spend much time here. (A few thematic links from this index are listed directly below to give you an idea of the scope of this site.)http://www.pitt.edu/~dash/changeling.html
[Added 22 June 2000]: This is Ashliman's chilling essay on "changelings." It includes links to his pages on German, British, and Scandinavian changeling tales. Here is an excerpt:http://www.pitt.edu/~dash/type0780.html...These [changeling] accounts -- which, unlike most fantasy tales, were actually widely believed -- suggest that a physically or mentally abnormal child is very likely not the human parents' offspring at all, but rather a changeling -- a creature begotten by some supernatural being and then secretly exchanged for the rightful child. From pre-Christian until recent times, many people have sincerely and actively believed that supernatural beings can and do exchange their own inferior offspring for human children, making such trades either in order to breed new strength and vitality into their own diminutive races or simply to plague humankind....Ashliman looks at Martin Luther's brutal attitude towards such children:...In Luther's theological view, a changeling was a child of the devil without a human soul, "only a piece of flesh." This view made it easy to justify almost any abuse of an unfortunate child thought to be a changeling, including the ultimate mistreatment: infanticide. Luther himself had no reservations about putting such children to death....Of special interest is Ashliman's section on Selma Lagerlöf, who won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1909 for her children's book "The Changeling." Lagerlöf took traditional changeling themes but turned them into a tale of humanity and kindness.
[Added 22 June 2000]: This is a page of "Singing Bone" tales (Aarne-Thompson type 780) -- i.e., tales in which the bones of a murder victim are turned into musical instruments, which enables them to reveal the murderer.http://www.pitt.edu/~dash/type0500.html
[Added 22 June 2000]: These are "The Name of the Helper" tales (Aarne-Thompson type 500) "in which a mysterious and threatening helper is defeated when the hero or heroine discovers his name." The most famous of these tales is, of course, "Rumpelstiltskin."http://www.scils.rutgers.edu/special/kay/fairies.html
[Added 22 June 2000]: From Rutgers University comes Professor Kay E. Vandergrift's "Adult Versions of Traditional Fairy Tales: Mostly" -- it is an excellent, exhaustive bibliography. She also includes selected video sources for Beauty & the Beast (also see below for Beauty & the Beast).
http://www.usm.edu/english/fairytales/cinderella/cinderella.html: [Link updated 9 October 2003]
The eerie moment when time has run out and Cinderella is back in her rags
Unknown artist & publisher (see directly below)
(Handwritten date of Christmas 1885:
Private collection -- courtesy of Jane Mickelson)
This Cinderella Project is under the editorship of Michael N. Salda at the University of Southern Mississippi. It covers the texts and images of 12 different English language versions dating from the 18th to the early 20th centuries. You can view texts (with images) of entire stories sequentially; you can view the same individual episode through all 12 versions (comparative mode); or you can view "images only." [FYI: From this site I learned that the history of the version from which I scanned the above illustration is unknown -- it's labeled simply: "England (?): 1880-1900(?)."]http://www.lib.rochester.edu/camelot/cinder/cinintr.htm
This is a superlative bibliography done by the same people at the University of Rochester who do the Camelot Project (listed under Arthurian Themes). On this site, "bibliography" means far more than a long list of books -- each story in countless collections is given a surprisingly lengthy summary. This allows one to really get a sense of the story as a whole. The variants are organized into countries and peoples from around the world. This is a fascinating, highly recommended site.http://www.acs.ucalgary.ca/~dkbrown/cinderella.html
This is "Cinderella Stories," done for the Children's Literature Web Guide. It offers links as well as extensive bibliographies of reference works, articles, picture books & full-length versions from all over the world, and versions found in larger collections of fairytales.http://www.acs.ucalgary.ca/~dkbrown/cinderella.html
[Added 23 June 2000]: From Canada's The Children's Literature Web Guide comes a great page with links to online Cinderella variants (e.g., a great Slavic version called 12 Months) plus a lengthy bibliography of further resources. [9 October 2003: oops -- this is a duplicate annotation -- also see original one from 1998 directly above.]http://www.kstrom.net/isk/stories/cinder3.html: [Link updated 9 October 2003]
"Mi'kmaq Indian Cinderella vs Perrault's Durable Myth": this site, by the late, eloquent, impassioned Paula Giese, looks at how Mi'kmaq storytellers used the familiar Perrault story, which they heard from their French-Canadian neighbors in Acadia, as raw material for revisioning the tale in terms of their own cultural values some 250 years after being subjugated and acculturated. The story thus becomes, not the tale of a single disfunctional European family but, rather, of "a victimized girl in a despairing, disrupted, dysfunctional village." The implications are powerful. The site includes both the Mi'kmaq and Perrault versions; books reviews (Giese has much to say about whites who write stories supposedly about native, or "first," peoples); and links to Mi'kmaq history and traditions.http://hometown.aol.com/gracefalls/everafter.html
"For Ever After: A Cinderella Story": this is a webpage for the 1998 Drew Barrymore film, Ever After, done by a devoted fan. It includes interviews, film clips, data on costumes, the shoe, the sets, etc, etc. I haven't had time to "grok" this site yet, but if you're interested in this tale, this site might give you some clues about why it remains so popular. I also haven't had time to see the film yet, but from what my folklore students tell me, it's really wonderful [see directly below].http://www.folkstory.com/articles/cinderella.html
[Added 20 June 2000]: I have now seen Ever After (see directly above) and enjoyed it greatly, although my favorites remain the 10 minute Betty Boop version from the 1930's and the exquisite Glass Slipper with Leslie Caron and Michael Wilding. Ever After, however, is a wonderfully updated version of this classic tale. For a sensitive, insightful review of the movie by Dr. Jonathan Young, don't miss the above link -- his special gift is in using a psychological lens in interpreting the symbolism. For example:http://haldjas.folklore.ee/folklore/vol8/cndrl.htm...In all tellings of the Cinderella story, the elegant dress plays an important role. Her mother was aristocracy and the dress in a link to that noble status. When she is in clothes that designate a well-born person, others believe her to be a true lady. When she appears at the ball, she wears the stunning gown prepared by her helpers. This is simultaneously a link to her mother and a return to her true nobility. The psychology here is that we each have an inner elegance and a noble quality to reclaim....
[Added 16 November 2000]: This long, scholarly page by Harri Mürk from a respected online Baltic journal (see my Baltic pages) concludes with a splendid, contemporary Cinderella variant from Estonia, but only after first setting the work within a fascinating historical context of "song-games":...Cinderellagame (Tuhkatriinumäng, 1969) by Paul-Eerik Rummo should be regarded as one of the truly outstanding works in Estonian dramaturgy....A rich discussion of Rummo's play about Cinderella begins about 2/3rd's down the page. Here's a sample from the synopsis:
...The play is interesting because its structure is based on the only extant element of original drama found in Estonian native culture. This native form of drama, consisting of the three elements required in theatre - actors, conflict and audience - is found in a variety of games called song-games (laulumängud)....
...the song-games were mainly played during the winter season between Martinmas (11 November) and Candelmas (2 February).... The maidens and women of the village would gather for spinning and weaving and other needlework or perhaps just to pass time on the days when work was forbidden as on Christmas Day and the following St. Stephen's Day. Young men would also come to visit maidens on these occasions bringing liquor with them. While waiting for them, the maidens made certain that there was enough food available and the long dark evenings would be spent playing and singing. Pagan rituals, the remnants of a pre-Christian past, were often performed at these events....
The Church tried in vain to suppress these practices as particularly pagan and licentious ones. At one period in the seventeenth century the authorities went so far as to illigimate such game evenings, but people nonetheless came secretly together....
...These song games ceased being popular forms of entertainment at the end of the 19th century. However, the Estonian intelligentsia in the late 1960s must have been aware of their existence despite the fact that they were no longer performed. A collection of old Estonian folk-songs edited by the folklorist and musicologist Herbert Tampere was published in 1958, only 10 years prior to Rummo's play. Most Estonians were familiar with this collection. We can assume that Rummo knew about the song games.......Rummo's play begins where the original Cinderella fairytale left off. After nine years of marriage, the Prince begins to have doubts about the Cinderella. When the play opens, it is February and the Prince and Cinderella are on their way to the yearly visit to Cinderella's old home. The Prince, however, secretly leaves his entourage and arrives before others early in the morning only to discover that there is another Cinderella in the kitchen. The Kitchen Cinderella's foot seems to fit the «Cinderella Slipper» that the Prince has managed to bring along.... The Prince's frantic and ultimate encounter with the stepmother, called the Mistress in the play, a «monumental matron» in a wheelchair, reveals that he is merely one Prince among many, all of whom are married to Cinderellas. All of the Cinderellas in turn are merely the agents of the Mistress. The Mistress cannot even remember which of the Cinderellas that she has sent out as a consort to some Prince may have been the original Cinderella....
As you can see, the drama is full of delicious twists! I loved its sense of multiple, intersecting, ambiguous realities.http://members.aol.com/servsystem/frytales/cindybooks/cindybookgallery.htm
[Added 16 November 2000]: Until I visited this "Cinderella Book Gallery" compiled by Heidi Anne Heiner of "The SurLaLune Fairy Tale Pages" (see near the top of this page), I hadn't realized how many cross-cultural Cinderella variants (from Egypt to Korea) are currently in print and available. On this page, Heiner provides their book covers (I counted 35) -- you can purchase them through amazon.com -- sales help support her excellent non-profit site.http://expedition.bensenville.lib.il.us/NorthAmerica/Canada/tales/tale1.htm
[Added 9 October 2003]: These two links (above) on Native American "Cinderellas" were sent to me by one of my students. I haven't had time to grok them yet but you might wish to explore them on your own.
http://www.usm.edu/english/fairytales/lrrh/lrrhhome.htm: [Link updated 10/9/03]
Little Red Riding Hood
Little Red Riding Hood and the Wolf
Courtesy of Russian Sunbirds
[Added 23 June 2000]: This is the impressive "Little Red Riding Hood Project" from Michael N. Salda and the University of Southern Mississippi:http://web.utk.edu/~aratledg/Little_Red_Riding_Hood_p1.html
http://www.usm.edu/english/fairytales/lrrh/lrrhhome.htm...a text and image archive containing sixteen English versions of the fairy tale. The Little Red Riding Hoods presented here represent some of the more common varieties of the tale from the English-speaking world in the eighteenth, nineteenth, and early twentieth centuries. The materials were drawn from the de Grummond Children's Literature Research Collection at the University of Southern Mississippi....
[Added 8 January 2004]: This elegant little site done by A'Lisa Ratledge at the University of Tennessee is a student project in webpage design. She's done extensive research into this fairytale and provided both an illustrated text as well as lively scholarly analysis from many sources, plus footnotes, bibliography, etc.
[Added 22 June 2000]: From Rutgers University comes Professor Kay E. Vandergrift large website devoted exclusively to "Snow White" -- she includes critical essays, texts, art, criticism, bibliographies, web resources, and much more. It's impressively thorough and a wonderful use of scholarship.http://www.pitt.edu/~dash/type0709.html
This is "Snow White and other tales of Aarne-Thompson type 709" from Professor D. L. Ashliman of the University of Pittsburgh. The page includes a chilling Swiss version in which all the 7 dwarves are slain.http://beauty.rivkashome.com/: [Updated 9/1/02]
[Added 13 November 2000]: This is a wide-ranging and very attractive site on "Beauty & the Beast" from Rebecca L. Smallwood, a University of Michigan graduate student. She includes a history of the tale, texts, impressive scholarly resources, great art, data on film, TV, and stage productions, and excellent links to more sites relating to this tale. It's a wonderful collection of material. I love the reasons why she respects this tale:http://www.mordent.com/folktales/grimms/hng/hng.html...Beauty and the Beast is one of the few fairy tales where the main characters actually get to know each other before falling in love. Unlike Cinderella, who falls in love in an evening, or Sleeping Beauty, who falls in love with a kiss, Beauty spends weeks, possibly months with the Beast before falling in love with him. In addition, the message given by the story, besides that main staple that true love will prevail, is that of true beauty is within. Admirable, and rare, it seems these days....
[Added 22 June 2000]: This is the Grimm's text of "Hansel and Gretel."http://www.usm.edu/english/fairytales/jack/jackhome.html: [Link updated 10/9/03]
[Added 13 November 2000]: This is the "Jack and the Beanstalk and Jack the Giant-Killer Project," another remarkable research site from Michael N. Salda at the University of Southern Mississippi:http://www.lib.rochester.edu/camelot/rh/rhhome.stmWelcome to the Jack and the Beanstalk and Jack the Giant-Killer Project, a text and image archive containing several English versions of the fairy tale. The Jacks presented here represent some of the more common varieties of the tale from the English-speaking world in the eighteenth, nineteenth, and early twentieth centuries. The materials were drawn from the de Grummond Children's Literature Research Collection at the University of Southern Mississippi....The format is like Salda's other projects, including the Cinderella Project and the Little Red Riding Hood Project (listed elsewhere on my page).
[Added 23 June 2000]: From the University of Rochester comes the excellent "Robin Hood Project":http://www.sla.purdue.edu/medieval-studies/...THE ROBIN HOOD PROJECT is designed to make available in electronic format a database of texts, images, bibliographies, and basic information about the Robin Hood stories and other outlaw tales....
[Added 24 June 2000] These are the Robin Hood Archives from Purdue University. The page is designed to attract students to an excellent Medieval Studies program, but if you're looking only for Robin Hood, scroll down an inch or two to PROJECTS, where you'll fine a series of four fine essays on medieval materials related to Robin Hood.
Note: also see my page on:
Common Themes: Nature Spirits
Up to Europe's Opening Page
Up to Western Europe
Western Europe's Subdivisions:
Classical Traditions: || Ancient Greece ||Ancient Rome
Celtic Traditions |||||Icelandic, Nordic, & Teutonic Traditions |||||
Medieval Life & Times |||||Arthurian Themes |||||Grail Lore |||||
Alchemy, Gnosticism, Hermetics |||||Fairy Tales & Folk Lore |||||
Down to Indigenous Peoples
This page created with Netscape Gold 3.01
Technical assistance: William Weeks
Text and Design:
Copyright 1998-2004 by Kathleen Jenks, Ph.D.
Published 13 November 1998 when Mything Links first went online.
20-25 June 2000 (checked all links; added new links + images); 13, 14, & 16 November 2000;
15 January 2001; 14 April 2001;
18 February 2002 (updated a URL)'
1 Srptember 2002 (updated a Beauty/Beast URL].
9 October 2003: updated H.C. Andersen link when a Dane contacted me to say old one was dead.
Did a links check on the whole page, which revealed a lot of needed updates + dead links.
Added Scott's 2 Nat. Amer. Cinderella links, ungrokked.
Had to find and annotate new links for Barrie & Rowling as all their links were dead; added Baum to the lineup as well.
8 January 2004: added link to A'Lisa Ratledge's LRRH page.
28 March 2004: altered photos from ovals to squares to save space.