MYTH*ING LINKS
An Annotated & Illustrated Collection of Worldwide Links to Mythologies,
Fairy Tales & Folklore, Sacred Arts & Sacred Traditions
by Kathleen Jenks, Ph.D.
Pacifica Graduate Institute

Common Themes, East & West:

PAGE TWO:
 Creation Myths &
Sacred Narratives of Creation
NOTE:
Creation myths are also mentioned elsewhere on my website.  You might wish to use the site's Search Engine to track down such references.  Please also check the "Multi Cultural" section at the end of the preceding Creation Myths I page because it includes links relevant to the traditions on this page.

SACRED CREATION NARRATIVES
FROM INDIA

The Hiranyagarbha, or Golden Egg
Artist: Peter Lloyd in National Geographic's
Picture Atlas of OUR UNIVERSE,
by Roy A. Gallant, 1980,  p.11.
In one of many Hindu Creation stories, the god Brahma created the primal waters as the womb for a small seed.  The seed grew into a golden egg.  Brahma split it open, making the heavens from one half, and Earth and all her creatures from the other.
http://www.britannica.com/bcom/eb/article/6/0,5716,16376+1+16150,00.html
[Added 2/14/01]: This is a brief but well done piece on Brahma from Britannica.com:
...in the late Vedic period of India, one of the major gods of Hinduism; with the rise of sectarian worship, he was gradually eclipsed by Vishnu and Siva....Brahma is said to have been born from a golden egg and in turn to have created the Earth and all things on it. Later sectarian myths describe him as having come forth from a lotus that issued from Vishnu's navel....
http://www.britannica.com/bcom/eb/article/1/0,5716,62741+1+61187,00.html
[Added 2/14/01]: Also from Britannica.com comes a companion essay on Prajapati, who later is conflated with Brahma:
Prajapati (Sanskrit: "Lord of Creatures"), one of the creator figures of the Vedic period of ancient India; in the post-Vedic age he came to be identified with a major Hindu god, Brahma, who gradually surpassed him in importance....
Both of these essays include hypertext for those who wish to explore further.

SACRED CREATION NARRATIVES
FROM JAPAN

Amaterasu
Courtesy of Sandra Stanton
(Sandra's site offers further data on this image)
http://www.wsu.edu/~dee/ANCJAPAN/CREAT.HTM
This is an excellent page on Amaterasu and other Shinto Creation Stories from Japan, compiled by Richard Hooker of Washington State University.  The site is handsome and elegant.

SACRED CREATION NARRATIVES
FROM THE NEAR EAST


Ishtar: detail
Sandra Stanton: Goddess Myths

http://www-relg-studies.scu.edu/netcours/hb/sess4/enuma.htm

From a Religious Studies college course comes this great little page with opening comments on the Enuma Elish, the Babylonian story of creation.  Unfortunately, the first two links are broken but the second two from Christopher Siren are so good that the page remains worthwhile (one of Siren's looks at biblical parallels with Mesopotamian literature and offers many hypertexted cross-references as well as superb sources -- you can also scroll to the top of both his pages for excellent summaries, data on Sumerian and Babylonian deities, etc).
http://www.umr.edu/~gdoty/poems/altaic.html
[Added 2/15/01]: This is a site based on Altaic creation mythology: "Poems from the Turkish Epic," adapted by Gene Doty from Gülten Yener's prose translation.  There are a number of sections here, all excellent, but the creation mythology is especially exquisite and stunning.

SACRED CREATION NARRATIVES
FROM GREECE & ROME


From "The Creation Story"
[Day separated from ever-pregnant Night]
Copyright © by Hungarian-born artist, Judy Racz
(used with permission)

http://www.artsmia.org/mythology/slide8.html#top

[Added 10/15/99]: This is the 4th in a collection of four Creation Myths from the Minneapolis Institute of Arts (see previous page).  This one looks briefly at a Graeco-Roman creation myth starting with Chaos, moving to Gaea and Uranus, and ending with Oceanus and the other Titans.
http://windows.arc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/tour_def/mythology/gaea.html
[Added 2/15/01]: From the University of Michigan comes this page on the Greek earth-goddess, Gaea [Gaia].  There are three levels available: beginner, intermediate, and advanced.  From the advanced level:
...Gaea was the great deity of the early Greeks. She represented the Earth and was worshipped as the universal mother who had created the Universe and gave birth to both the first race of gods (the Titans) and the first humans....
The data is minimal but useful -- so is the opening illustration.  What strikes me here is how in Indo-European mythology the older siblings, or Elders, are always defeated by their younger siblings.  In ancient Greece, for example, the Titans are defeated by the younger Olympians; in ancient India, the Ashuras are defeated by the younger Devas.  Such accounts are common throughout the patriarchal, militaristic Indo-European world.  Interestingly, the long-defeated "Old Ones" make a surprising and kindly come-back in contemporary science fantasy, where they return with the wisdom to help us save our world.

SACRED CREATION NARRATIVES
FROM NORSE & TEUTONIC PEOPLES


Nerthus: detail

"The primary deity of the northern Germanic tribes, her name meant 'earth.' When the wagon displaying her statue was paraded among the tribes, all weapons were put away and all fighting stopped...."
Art and text by Sandra Stanton at Goddess Myths
http://ancienthistory.about.com/library/weekly/aa083199.htm
[Added 2/14/01]: This site comes from one of my favorites, N. S. Gill, the Classical/Ancient History guide at about.com.  Here she gives a good overview of Norse Creation.  At the end are a handful of briefly annotated links (some are really terrific).
 

FORWARD TO CREATION MYTHS, page 3
(North & Meso America)
BACK TO CREATION MYTHS, page 1

__________________________________________________
Mything Links' General Reference Pages:
MythingLinks Search Engine
Cross-cultural, Multi-regional, Interdisciplinary Collections
General Reference Page  (online libraries, reference help, literary texts, world languages, word-lover sites, help on writing research papers, copyright information, film plots, themes, and/or films representing various historical periods)
Special Interest Sites for Pacifica Faculty, Students & Colleagues(includes Jung, Campbell, Freud, Eliade, Otto, Hillman, other depth psychologists, mysticism, anthropology, religious studies, archetypal perspectives, foundations for mythology & psychology, relevant journals, books, videos, etc.)
Teachers' Reference Page for Primary & Secondary School Education
__________________________________________________

Menu of Common Themes, East & West:

Animal Guides
Animal Deaths in Europe: Of Cows & Madness
Artists & Muses: The Creative Impulse
Creation Myths I
Creation Myths II
Creation Myths III
Crones & Sages
Dragons & Serpents
Food: Sacrality & Lore
THE  FOUR ELEMENTS
EARTH:
Land: Sacrality & Lore  (mountains, caves, labyrinths, spiral mounds, crop & stone circles, FengShui)
Earth Day & Environmental Issues
Earth Goddesses & Gods
AIR:
Air: Sacrality & Lore (air, wind, sky, storms, clouds, weather lore)
Sky Goddesses & Gods
FIRE:
Fire: Sacrality & Lore (fire, northern lights, green-flashes, Elmo's Fire)
Fire Goddesses & Gods
WATER:
Water: Sacrality & Lore  (water, wells, springs, pools, lakes)
Floods & Rainbows: Mythologies & Science
Water Goddesses & Gods
Green Men
Music
Nature Spirits of the World
Rituals of Birthing [forthcoming]
Rituals of Death & Dying [forthcoming]
Rituals of Puberty
Rituals of Weather-Working: An experimental, on-going ritual in cyberspace
Sacred Theatre & Dance
Shamanism
Star Lore & Astrology
Symbols, Signs, & Runes
Time(Calendars, Clocks, Natural Temporal Cycles, Attitudes toward Time, & Millennium Issues)
Trees & Plant Lore
Tricksters, Clowns, Magicians, Jesters & Fools
Wars, Weapns & Lies: The Dehumanizing Impulse
Weaving Arts & Lore (Cosmic Webs, Spinning, Spindles, Clothing)

Down to Geographical Regions: Africa

HOME PAGE
Note: my complete Site Map & e-mail address are on the Home Page.
This page created with Netscape Gold
Technical assistance: William Weeks

Text and Design:
Copyright 1998-2005 by Kathleen Jenks, Ph.D.

Latest Updates:
3 August 1999; 15 & 18 October 1999;
14 & 15 February 2001 (also checked all links); 21 February 2001; 2 July 2001 (Ned.3.0);
21 October 2001 (added navigation to p. 3, which I split off from p.1 on 9/30/01).
18 February 2005: miniaturized Ishtar and Nerthus images because I'm losing large amounts of gigs via direct links.