MYTHING LINKS
An Annotated & Illustrated Collection of Worldwide Links
to Mythologies, Fairy Tales & Folklore,
Sacred Arts & Sacred Traditions
by Kathleen Jenks, Ph.D.

Common Themes, East & West:


The Four Elements


"The Four Gospels of the Natural"
Sculpture by Brad Burkhart (used with permission)

http://ancient.thevines.com/leaf/AB13012/2/0/0/&article[id]=AE0000000558

This is the "Four Elements in Ancient Greek Philosophy" by Tracy Marks ("Torrey Philemon"), a wide ranging look at earth, air, fire, water, as well as at the dynamic twin forces of Love and Strife.  Quoting from ancient texts, she journeys from ancient Greece to alchemy to Carl Jung.  Here is how she opens:
According to the Empedocles, a Greek philosopher, scientist and healer who lived in Sicily in the fifth century B.C., all matter is comprised of four  "roots" or elements of earth, air, fire and water.   Fire and air are outwardly reaching elements, reaching up and out, whereas earth and water turn inward and downward.

In his Tetrasomia, or Doctrine of the Four Elements, Empedocles described these elements not only as physical manifestations or material substances, but also as spiritual essences. He associated these elements with four gods and goddesses - air with Zeus, earth with Hera, fire with Hades, and water with Nestis (believed to be Persephone)....

My separate links on Earth, Air, Fire, and Water (see menu below) look at each element individually, but if you wish to explore them as a group, Tracy Marks' page is an excellent place to begin.  (Note: she uses only online resources and offers a good web-bibliography of suporting links, which adds to the accessibility of her work.)
http://www.cybertigger.com/art/elemental/index.html
From Theo Georgina Tigger comes this site exploring the four elements from an artist's perspective.  Some of the work is quite stunning.  Enjoy exploring!  (Note: click on any of the elements shown in the opening graphic to access her art, photos, and poetic musings.)
____________________________________________

Mything Links' General Reference Pages:
MythingLinks Search Engine
Cross-cultural, Multi-regional, Interdisciplinary Collections
General Reference Page  (online libraries, reference help, literary texts, world languages, word-lover sites, help on writing research papers, copyright information, film plots, themes, and/or films representing various historical periods)
Special Interest Sites for Pacifica Faculty, Students & Colleagues (includes Jung, Campbell, Freud, Eliade, Otto, Hillman, other depth psychologists, mysticism, anthropology, religious studies, archetypal perspectives, foundations for mythology & psychology, relevant journals, books, videos, etc.)
Teachers' Reference Page for Primary & Secondary School Education

_____________________________________________

Menu of Common Themes, East & West:
Animal Guides
Animal Deaths in Europe: Of Cows & Madness
Artists & Muses: The Creative Impulse
Creation Myths I
Creation Myths II
Crones & Sages
Dragons & Serpents
Food: Sacrality & Lore
THE  FOUR ELEMENTS
EARTH:
Land: Sacrality & Lore  (mountains, caves, labyrinths, spiral mounds, crop & stone circles, FengShui)
Earth Day & Environmental Issues
Earth Goddesses & Gods
AIR:
Air: Sacrality & Lore (air, wind, sky, storms, clouds, weather lore)
Sky Goddesses & Gods
FIRE:
Fire: Sacrality & Lore (fire, northern lights, green-flashes, Elmo's Fire)
Fire Goddesses & Gods
WATER:
Water: Sacrality & Lore  (water, wells, springs, pools, lakes)
Floods & Rainbows: Mythologies & Science
Water Goddesses & Gods
Green Men
Music
Nature Spirits of the World
Rituals of Birthing [forthcoming]
Rituals of Death & Dying [forthcoming]
Rituals of Puberty
Rituals of Weather-Working: An experimental, on-going ritual in cyberspace
Sacred Theatre, Dance & Ritual
Shamanism
Star Lore & Astrology
Symbols, Signs, & Runes
Time (Calendars, Clocks, Natural Temporal Cycles, Attitudes toward Time, & Millennium Issues)
Trees & Plant Lore
Tricksters, Clowns, Magicians, Jesters & Fools
Wars, Weapns & Lies: The Dehumanizing Impulse
Weaving Arts & Lore (Cosmic Webs, Spinning, Spindles, Clothing)

Down to Geographical Regions: Africa

HOME PAGE
If you have comments or suggestions,
you'll find my e-mail address near the bottom of my Home Page.

This page created with Netscape Gold 3.01
Technical assistance: William Weeks
Text and Design:
Copyright © 2001 by Kathleen Jenks, Ph.D.
All rights reserved except where noted.

Page designed & launched 10 May 2001, 9pm.

Credits: The Four Elements bar comes from Torrey Philemon.