An Annotated & Illustrated Collection of Worldwide Links to Mythologies,
Fairy Tales & Folklore, Sacred Arts & Sacred Traditions
by Kathleen Jenks, Ph.D.
Pacifica Graduate Institute
EGYPT & THE SAHARA
Detail of Queen Hatshepsut
18th Dynasty, Cairo Museum
This is an unofficial site for the Cairo Museum created by Mark T. Rigby (whose pages are also linked elsewhere on my website). He offers 8 pages of excellent photographs and data -- pp.4 & 6 include photos of Amarna-related works; p.7 has a number of interesting ancient toys. If you click on "Egyptian Antiquities," you'll find ancient objects for sale, but they're not cheap.http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/HIGH/OI_Museum_Egypt.html
This is Chicago's Oriental Institute, with one of the largest Egyptology collections in the US. The site includes a brief history of the institute and then offers 17 descriptions of items in their collection; all but 3 of them have clickable images (quite a few are in black and white only). The text is often minimal, but adequate. Here you'll find a 5000 year old bed, very elegant in design (although it doesn't look very comfortable). You'll also find a touching limestone potter from the Old Kingdom -- the B&W photograph is large and excellent although none of the photography compares well with the Louvre's. The best two pages are on burials -- a poignant reconstruction of a pre-dynastic burial, and Meresamun, a priestess, whose head x-rays are shown along with a lengthy and detailed description of both her mummy and coffin.http://www.british-museum.ac.uk/egyptian/ea/g62.html:
This is the British Museum's site. Considering the size of their collection and the website expertise available to this world class museum, the offerings here are surprisingly scanty. There are three images on the first page, a hypertext link to the Rosetta Stone, and another hypertext link, "Perennial favourite objects," that takes you to a dozen lovely (but smallish and not clickable) images of favorites from their collection. That's it. In fairness, they're getting ready for an early 1999 exhibit of mummies, so perhaps they're currently overextended. [1/21/03: click on any link you see above, and/or on their site, and you'll glean a few more images here and there. Navigation remains quite poor even 5 years after my earlier annotation.]Culture Net's Cairo Museum Site
This Culture Net site (run by the Egyptian government) looks at the Cairo Museum. Although much is still under construction, the site is full of promise, especially if they expand their minimal descriptions of each object. At this point (May 1998), there are 32 images -- don't be put off by the small, dark thumbnails: when you click on the "zoom," you'll discover that the enlargements are gorgeous (see above). This site can hold up its head with pride.http://mistral.culture.fr/louvre/anglais/magazine/ae97.htm:
This is one of the official sites for the Louvre. The opening page explains that the museum has a two-fold circuit for visitors, one is thematic, one is chronological. When you click on thematic, you'll find 9 images, including the Denderah Zodiac (50 BC), a mummified cat, and a lovely, silvery-bronze Horus with outstretched arms. These are clickable -- and huge once you click! -- they're just beautifully photographed. After you've explored the thematic circuit, back up to the opening page again and click on the chronological circuit for 8 more images, including a lovely faience hippo, and a sculpture of the body of Nefertiti, exquisitely draped. Again, the photography is superb.http://mistral.culture.fr/louvre/anglais/musee/collec/egypte.htm
This is another link to the Louvre. This one goes to the Department of Egyptian Antiquities. At the end of the very brief opening page, the first of three links will take you back to the 2-fold circuits from the above link (it adds links to Roman & Coptic Egypt, etc, however, in case you wish to explore these later periods).
The second of three links will take you to the "Major Works" in the Louvre's Egyptian collection -- 10 images, a few of them (e.g., a small sphinx, the famous "Seated Scribe," and a lovely polychromic limestone of Hathor protecting Seti) are duplicates from the preceding site, but the sphinx is shot at another marvelous angle against the almost translucent arches of the Louvre; most here are new ones, including a haunting fragment of Akhenaton. Again, the photography is wonderful.
The last of the three links will take you to a portrait and brief site on Champollian (1790-1832), who was the first to decipher hieroglyphs, and who started the Louvre's collection.
[Link updated 1/21/03]
The Detroit Institute of Art provides this elegant, lovely site with 13 clickable images (including a wonderful tomb carving of cattle with linked horns, a detail of which is in my "Links to the Links -- also see directly above). There's also a seated silvery scribe, his form caressed by light, from the time of Amonhotep III. The site provides brief but clear, literate commentary. Links will take you to other areas of Near Eastern art in their collection.http://www.clevelandart.org/archive/pharaoh/photos/index.html:
This is "Pharaohs," a 1996 Cleveland Museum of Art exhibit of mostly statues and reliefs. The museum had 30 pieces on loan from the Louvre, of which 15 appear on this website -- several even offer both front and rear views, which is unusual.....and much appreciated.
Further, if you enjoy the beauty of faience, click on the Cleveland homepage and find your way to the museum's spring 1998 exhibit on Egyptian faience -- you'll find a breathtaking chalice on loan from the Metropolitan Museum of Art; the text on technical data and the history of faience is exceptionally well done. Unfortunately, there's no direct link to this data -- you'll have to find your way there via the homepage.http://carlos.emory.edu/COLLECTION/EGYPT/:
This is from Emory University's Egyptian collection -- 17 views of statues, household goods (mirror, headrest), and so forth. The photography is good (see the lovely Isis bronze under "Mythology") and so is the text for each item. The mini-history of how the university got its art is also interesting.http://www.tulane.edu/lester/text/Ancient.World/Egypt/Egypt.html:
This is a site created by Tulane University professor, Hugh Lester, for a course in theatre scenic and costume design for MFA students. You'll find over a hundred photos (and a few sketches of columns) here of ancient Egyptian art, architecture, decorative design, and furniture. Many of the photos are superb (click on the small images to enlarge them); some seem a little on the dark side, however, so you may wish to adjust your monitor's "brightness" dial. Descriptions are technical, minimal, but occasionally evocative. There seems to be no particular order among the images, but it's a wonderful site for browsing.http://www.bergerfoundation.ch/wat1/frameset?pg=egypte&ref=First_egypt1:
This Egyptian portion of the World Art Treasures series of sites (based on the collection of art expert, Jacques-Edouard Berger) looks at art from major cultural areas (you'll find some of the others elsewhere on my website). Although I find the frame-format irritating, this site offers fifteen Egyptian images (click to enlarge the small images); one of the fifteen is of two 19th Dynasty Theban women, an image used in my "Egyptian Women" subsection. Captioning is minimal and in French only.
(Note: if you click on Pilgrimage to Abydos, you'll find beautifully photographed images from this temple built by Seti I; be warned, however, that navigating this intricate site by clicking on the floor plan's numbers, which insists that you follow it step-by-step as you progress through the temple, can be so maddening that you may never finish it.)http://www.memst.edu/egypt/main.html
The University of Memphis, TN runs this pleasant little site. The information is generally entry level, but interesting. There's a small collection of five artifacts, including a 4000 year old wedge of bread (with fascinating accompanying text); click on the small images for enlargements. There's also a fine "Color Tour of Egypt" which lets you select from among eleven sites (either on a clickable map or from a list); each choice takes you to color photos of the locale as well as to photos of ancient art found there (again, click for enlargements).
This tiny site belongs to the University of Wales at Swansea. It only has 3 images, none are great art but two of them are quite unique in their serpent theme. One shows Osiris on a Roman-period coffin, but what's unusual is that at his side, arising out of a clump of papyrus and lotuses, and as tall as Osiris himself, is the crowned cobra-goddess, Wadjet, whose worship goes back to Egyptian pre-history. Another one, from the 21st dynasty (c.1000 BCE), shows a snake charmer. Neither image, unfortunately, has any descriptive text -- only a title and date.
The university offers a good collection of booklets covering a wide range of Egyptology (no clear ordering method is provided but I'm sure one could always e-mail for further information). The site has been under construction since 1996 so perhaps an update will appear soon.
"The Art of the Fake" is the name of this fascinating site from the University of Michigan's Kelsey Museum of Archeology. It's an exhibit of forgeries of Egyptian art. Click first on each forged item (sometimes an authentic item is included for comparison), then go back to the site and click on text that explains why it's a forgery and how it was found out. This is a must-see, for many reasons!Culture Net's Cairo Museum Site
This is another Culture Net site run by the Egyptian government. It offers an informative and useful essay on Egyptian art in general as well as a comparison between traditional Egyptian art and that of the Amarna period during the reign of Akhenaton. This link takes you directly to this essay.http://www.kajima.co.jp/prof/culture/freud/index.html:
Finally, an unexpected little site, "Freud as Collector," maintained by Kajima, a Japanese firm, in honor of a 1996 exhibit in Japan of Freud's collection of Egyptian, Chinese, and Greek art (the last two are cross-referenced elsewhere on my website). Several Egyptian artifacts are included on this site along with interesting descriptions that refer to Freud's lifelong interest in these ancient themes. Biographical data on Freud is excellent.
Alexandria/ Amarna/ Art & Artifacts/Daily Life in Ancient Egypt/Egypt: General Information, Travel, Etc./
Egypt: through the Eyes of Photographers & Artists/ Hieroglyphs, Papyrus & Texts/ Links to the Links/
Men of Ancient Egypt/ Multiple Category Sites/ Mythology/ Other Archaeological Sites/ Pyramids/
Religious Beliefs&Practices/ Women of Ancient Egypt/ The Sahara
Please note that I cannot help with homework questions -- you will find useful links with tips for doing your own web searches on my Search Engine page. You will also find excellent resources on my General Reference page. Good luck with your projects!
Note: "Thatch" background (I've darkened it) is from Dream Tiles.