By Kathleen Jenks, Ph.D.

Book of the Dead:
Jackal-headed Anubis attending a mummy
Hunterian Museum & Art Gallery, University of Glasgow

2 March 2000
Author's Note:

Webbing is an ephemeral venture, requiring long hours and dedication.  For many of us, it is unpaid labor.  Strange things happen out there among the pixels and bytes.  Sometimes a site becomes too popular for the author to be able to pay the rising hosting fees, so that site vanishes.  Student sites disappear when students leave their universities and no longer have time (or free internet access) to maintain their webs.  Professors also go their own ways, leaving marvelous sites behind them which crumble into memories among the .edu's.  Sometimes the lives of webmasters simply change in subtle ways, or dramatic ways, leaving no time for further work, so they pull their sites out of the web.  Sometimes webmasters even die, and although devoted friends may keep their sites going for a few months, or years, eventually too many links break, data becomes outdated, and that site dies as well.

My own site, Myth*ing Links, has been online since 13 November 1998.  In the many months since then, I have seen a surprising number of sites vanish.  When I pull them from my pages, I've been saving my site reviews on my hard drive, "just in case."  Today, faced with the depressing task of deleting a handful of fine sites from my Egyptian pages, I've decided to do something else.  To honor the work and care with which their webmasters once crafted these, I'm giving them (along with the earlier links I've been saving) a whimsical burial on this new "Graveyard of Lamented Links" page,  so that others too may remember them.  And, who knows, one day a handful of them might even come to life again!


Removed from the Summer Solstice page 13 June 2003 -- Frances, sadly, has closed her site:

From Frances Donovan at comes this sensible little essay on Litha, or Summer Solstice.
Here you'll find well chosen Litha, or Summer Solstice, links from Frances Donovan (see above) on myth, lore, history, and rituals (also a surprisingly evocative Flamewolf poem [5/20/02: his link, unfortunately, is now dead -- if anyone has an update, please let me know]).

Removed from the Beltane page 25 March 2003:
[Added 11 April 2000]: From Frances ("Okelle") Donovan, the guide to Pagan/Wiccan Religion, comes this charming, funny piece on her own first Beltane experience when she was a college student.  The page includes a link to her own fine list of annotated Beltane links.

[Added 27 April 2002]: From come briefly annotated links to Maypoles, dancing, and Beltane in general.  The links are worth exploring.  [Note: some are already annotated elsewhere on this Beltane page.]

[Added 12 April 2000]: From the Open Directory Project come nearly two dozen well chosen (and briefly annotated) websites on Beltane -- the editors have found some real treasures here.
[Added 27 April 2002]: From come briefly annotated links to Beltane rituals from Wiccan, Asatru, Celtic, and Druidic sources.  I haven't had time to explore these so use your own judgment about how appropriate they are for your own celebratory and/or ethical boundaries.

I also removed this entire little section that used to be at the end of the Beltane page
because I have no new leads on either one:

27-28 April 2002: DEAD LINKS -- trying to find updates:
          [Dead link 4/29/01-- I'm trying to find this elsewhere; still dead 4/25/02, but I'm now following a new lead & remain hopeful <smile>.]
[Added 11 April 2000]:  From Rae Beth comes an evocative, beautifully written little piece on "Beltane: the Joining."
       [25 April 2002: link is now dead -- I'm keeping the annotation in case anyone out there has an update.]
From a collection of rituals gathered by Robert Karnecki in Germany comes this "Firestar Beltaine" ritual from 1986.  Its author isn't noted and since I'm not an expert on Celtic ritual,  I can't say how authentic it is (portions certainly suggest a "neo-pagan" nuance).  I'm including it nevertheless because I like its sense of poetry and theatre.

Removed from Egypt's Links to the Links 16 February 2003:
This "Okeanos" collection of links includes quite a few I've found elsewhere and already positioned among the pages of my website.  But there are yet others here and it's a good place for browsing.  (The site also includes links to other Near Eastern countries, which I've listed in the appropriate places.)

This site is the section on links for NILE ("Northern Illustrated Lectures in Egyptology" -- a title meant to differentiate this north England site from London-based Egyptology sites).  Their links under "Universities and Colleges" are especially good, not only for Egypt but also for other areas of the Near East as well as Greece and Rome.

Removed from Egypt's Other Archaeological Sites page 26 January 2003:
Misc:  These are a wide range of visuals and images (maps, line drawings, etc) from Peter Piccione's Egyptology course (a number of his excellent lectures appear in various categories in my pages).  They cover all the major and many minor sites in sometimes stunning photography.
Abydos: This is an excerpt from a much larger on-line course by Katherine Bolman of Hawaii (see "Multi Categories" for longer annotated reference).  It's specifically focused on Abydos and offers stunning photos.  Each click on a thumbnail produces yet more thumbnails, each of which can then be enlarged.  Navigation is excellent and no matter how many digressions you take, you won't get lost.  Don't miss the bottom thumbnail on constellations from the time of Seti I (c. 1300 BCE).

Removed from Egypt's Mythology page 23 January 2003:
  [Link found dead 23 January 2003,  but I'm keeping the annotation]
This is a direct link to "Myths" on an Egyptian website compiled by April Arnold.  The myths here (including a 26th Dynasty Cinderella variant) are from Bulfinch, which means they're sentimentalized, dated, "popular."  Still, they have their moments and since many people were first introduced to their love of mythology by Bulfinch, it's good to honor this.  The page also offers several useful "Family Trees" of Egyptian myth and a section on FAQ's ("frequently asked questions"). Update 2/18/00: The site is now unfortunately trapped in frames so there's no direct link to the section on "Myths."  From the above home page, click on "Explore" & you'll find the "Myths" category at the bottom along with the other subdivisions I've mentioned below....]
The site has five other subdivisions in addition to "The Myths," all easily accessible from this page by clicking on titles from an opening graphic.  There is the homepage, "Egypt"; "The Land" (some fine scholarly and/or newsworthy papers here, including a short piece on ancient beer, "King Tut's Tipple," and another on secrets of Egyptian bread -- both essays are based on discoveries by Dr. Delwen Samuel); "The Deities" (with an alphabetical listing of many deities & links to further data); "The Symbols" (e.g., ankh, sistrum, phoenix, ka, lotus); and "The Links" (some fine ones here).


Shawn C. Knight's site turns up in many collections of Egyptology links.  This page has FAQ's ("frequently asked questions")-- e.g., "What's the deal about the mummy on the Titanic I keep hearing about?"He's open to the occult but this doesn't trigger my "goofiness-alarm" because there's a grounded quality about him (see his approach to Aleister Crowley, for example).

After the section on FAQ's, you can click on his alphabetical summaries of many Egyptian deities -- these are brief but adequate.  You can also click on "Modern Exponents of Classical Egyptian Religion," which will take you into some interesting waters; the day I checked, two of the three links were dead and the third had moved, but I notified him and he's eventually updating them.  At the end, he includes a brief but accurately referenced bibliography, which I appreciate and wish more sites would include.  He has a physics background and plans to do graduate work soon in linguistics and archaeology at Carnegie Mellon.

The next 3, all from from Juliette Gibbs-Rodriquez,
were removed from Egypt's Amarna page 21 January 2003:
     [1/20/03: Link is dead -- I had 2 e-mail addresses for her and wrote to both, but both came back undeliverable.
I'm keeping my annotation in case a new URL turns up later.]
"Who's Who from the Amarna Period":  This often fascinating site, created and researched by Juliette Gibbs-Rodriguez, shows an obvious passion for the subject (for more on her, see below under Nefertiti's image).  She's collected whatever she can find on the web about various leading royals and key officials from Akhenaton's time (her site, like all other non-academic sites on the web, would be more useful for students if references were provided for data and images -- nevertheless, hers, like Kate Stange's, are among the best).  She includes some art and explores what's known about each person; she also provides specific links (or notes their absence) to other websites focusing on that person.
She also has an interesting collection of general links on Amarna.  A minority of those listed under "Links to the Amarna Royalty as a Group" veer uncomfortably into the "occult" and should be approached with a critical eye.  For example, I personally have no objection whatsoever to people who consider themselves reincarnations from Amarna (I've even known a few over the years <smile>), but I do have to question the self-indulgence involved in announcing it on a personal website.  Even if an Amarna incarnation could be shown to be authentic, it's perhaps better left as a footnote to a useful and compassionate current life and not as a rallying point from which to gather more companions.  Then was then, now is now.

                  [1/20/03: Link is dead -- I'm keeping my annotation in case a new URL turns up later.]
This is a direct link to the brief Nefertiti page from Juliette Gibbs-Rodriquez' "Who's Who..." site (see above).  The data is entry level but comes with a handful of links, some quite good.  If you know very little about this controversial woman, this is as good a place to start as any.  If you return to the home page from here, you can also click on pages for her daughters.

(Note: when I e-mailed Juliette for further information, I learned that it was with Nefertiti that her own passion for the Amarna period began.  When she was twelve, her parents bought her a children's book on Nefertiti; the following year they visited Egypt "...and I fell in love with the country and the history.  Throughout college I did studying on the side, and then in 1993 I got to visit the Egyptian Museum in Berlin.  I was so excited when I finally got to see the bust of Nefertiti.  When I learned about web sites, I knew I had to make a site that would give information on the Amarna period, and hopefully thrill other people with the mystery and beauty of Egypt.  I've gotten so many responses, questions and thanks.")

                [1/20/03: Link is dead -- I'm keeping my annotation in case a new URL turns up later.]
This brief site on Lady Kia (or Kiya) comes from a subsection of the above "Who's Who from the Amarna Period."  The data is quite intriguing.  It includes a prayer found on the footboard of what may have been her coffin (it may also have been Queen Tiye's or one of the daughters of Akhenaton and Nefertiti: see Marshall F. Johnson's site below).  The website is currently undergoing changes and, hopefully, data on sources for such things as this prayer will soon be forthcoming.  (Note: I e-mailed Juliette about the prayer and she replied that she thinks it comes from Cyril Aldred's work on Akhenaton.)

Removed from Egypt's Alexandria page 21 January 2003:
              [Dead link discovered 19 January 2003, but I'm keeping the annotation in case it turns up later.]
This URL takes you to a paper, "The Decline of the Library & Museum of Alexandria" by Ellen Brundige, written in December 1991 when she was an undergraduate at Bryn Mawr.  She points out that she now knows that some of her sources weren't necessarily accurate, so you read at your own risk -- the work is nevertheless interesting, as long as you read with a critical eye.  As an undergraduate, Brundige made major contributions to Tufts University's "Perseus Project" (a significant site which you'll find under Greece and Rome on my Myth*ing Links pages).  She is currently (1998) a Ph.D. student in the Department of Classics at the University of California, Irvine.  Click on her name at the top of her paper's site and you'll find a homepage that reveals an intriguing scholar, woman, artist, teacher who loves myth, folklore, and ancient traditions.

Removed from the Greek / Medusa page 24 October 2001:
From "SunBlind" comes a collection of unannotated links to sites on Pegasus.  I checked a few -- the quality is uneven but I enjoyed the art and enthusiasm.

Removed from the Greek / Medusa page 24 October 2001:
[Link might be broken 8/28/00; link found dead 10/24/01.]

This is a third brief overview on the Gorgons.  At the bottom is a link to the rest of the site with a large number of Greek themes and deities for those who want quick, generally reliable data.

Removed from the Pan Slavic page 28 July 2001:
[Broken link 10/13/00; still dead 7/28/01]
"Slavonic-Russian deities: Black Raven's Wicca Page" is a long list of alphabetized Slavic deities.  The information from D. J. Conway is basic but useful.  (Flaw: the site would be improved by better spacing; I found it difficult at times to match deities' names with the accompanying text because the text was run together.  Still, it's a pleasant little site -- Enya even plays in the background.)

Removed from the Asian Lunar New Year 2000 page on 3 April 2000:
As far as I can tell, although New Year's is now generally celebrated January 1-3 in Japan, many of the customs connected with this celebration have simply been shifted from the much older lunar New Year.  Thus, I am including this link (and the one directly below) on this page instead of on my Solstice/Yuletide page.....

This link will take you to "Japanese New Year: Here and there" by Cynthia Lam -- it's a nicely detailed paper written for a college anthropology course; it looks at New Year's customs in Japan as well as in Hawaii.

Removed from the Egyptian Myth page 2 March 2000:
This site on the ancient weaving goddess Neith was compiled by a woman named for this goddess.  The data is excellent and worth reading even though the bright purple text on a black background is difficult to read.  A beautiful hymn to Neith from the early Pyramid Texts is included -- especially moving is a description of how the goddess reaches down to the dying and sets their souls as stars in the sky, filling her realm with emerald light.  [Update 12/27/99: link is broken; hopefully, now that she's left the university, she'll reestablish her site elsewhere; 2/18/00: still seeking this.]

Removed from the Egyptian Myth page 2 March 2000:
This site by Richard Shand is a rich collection of quotes on Osiris from many sources, including esoteric ones of uneven quality.  In hyperlinks at the end there are further topics but be aware that some often verge on science fantasy (e.g., manna, the Shekinah, and the Grail all become synonyms for an extraterrestrial "manna machine").  There's intriguing data here, however, and this may well spark fresh insights as long as you keep your wits about you.  (NOTE: little publishing data is provided so it can be difficult to track down the books from which Shand draws his quotes.)  [Update 12/27/99: link may be broken; 2/18/00: still broken.]

Removed from the Egyptian Myth page 2 March 2000:
This is another Richard Shand site, this time a collection of passages on Isis.  Again, solid quotes are mixed in with material that more properly belongs with science fantasy.  I personally have a great deal of tolerance for the esoteric but I dislike carelessness -- Shand, for example, cites Robert Temple in a hyperlink, "Mysteries of Sirius," which continues the Isis theme (and is located at the end of the Isis quotes); Temple's work on the Dogon and Sirius also excited me years ago, but once I started reading it, I found so many errors in simple matters of Egyptology, about which I knew a little, that I certainly wouldn't trust him in areas about which I knew nothing.  Enjoy the quotes (and the hyperlinks at the end), be inspired, but keep your grain of salt nearby.  [Update 12/27/99: link may be broken; 2/18/00: still broken.]

Removed from the Egyptian Multi-Category page 2 March 2000:
[Update 2/18/00: link is broken --I've e-mailed for information]: This on-line college course by Katherine Bolman of Hawaii is really extraordinary both in content and design.  The above address, for reasons unknown to me, takes you to the bottom of the "Egyptian Art" page -- please scroll back up to the top and begin an enthralling journey through ancient art, people, hieroglyphs, mythology, many, many temples (e.g., Abydos -- where the photos are especially stunning, including one photo of the constellations from c.1300BC, and another of the interior of Horus' temple), and countless artifacts.  The timeline runs from the pre-historic period up through the Graeco-Roman era.  Each time you click on a thumbnail, you usually get a handful of new ones, each clickable for enlarged views.  I would prefer more text, but here and there are entire essays and/or lectures from other scholars (e.g., Peter Piccione, whose lectures appear elsewhere on my website).
No matter how many digressions you make by clicking on thumbnails, the navigational tools for this site are so superb that you'll always be brought back eventually to where you left off.  To immerse yourself in the glories of wonderful photos of ancient Egypt, don't miss this one.  Out of the many hundreds of Egyptian sites I've evaluated for Mything Links, this is one of my top ten favorites.

Removed from Egypt's Amarna page 18 February 2000:
This site details a technologically advanced "sonic imaging" proposal for locating the tombs of Akhenaton and Nefertiti in the Valey of the Kings.  It includes Amarna history, past attempts to find the tombs, data on the Valley of the Kings, drawings, photos, etc.  The scientists involved have assembled an impressive array of experts and now only need the funding.

Removed from Egypt's Amarna page 18 February 2000:

This is a brief  look at the Metropolitan Art Museum's 1996-1997 New York exhibition on Nefertiti, her daughters, and her mother-in-law.  There are 4 small photos (unfortunately not clickable) but the text provides some good descriptions.  [3/2/00 Note: there's a new URL but this particular page has been axed.]

Removed from the Egyptian Beliefs page 18 February 2000:
This website shows basic line drawings of the zodiac found at Dendara.  Minimal text.  [Note: as of 2/21/99, I've been unable to get through to this link so it may have vanished; I'll keep checking.]

Removed from the Creation Myths page 18 October 1999:
"Tales of Traditional Wisdom" is a Heinemann project geared for school children (grades 3 through 6), but of obvious interest to all ages.  The Australian educators behind the project wondered what variants of age-old myths today's children are hearing -- and in 1995-96 they invited children from all over the world to submit their re-tellings of traditional stories.  The site offers stories of creation, animals, the environment, and excellent links to multicultural websites filled with more stories. [3/2/00: Note -- site winks in briefly but then goes to new URL -- and they've told me that they've pulled Heinemann's whole series.]

Removed from the Wicca page 29 September 1999:
This Pagans Unlimited site also looks at the major Wiccan celebrations (Sabbats).  I really like the opening graphic but the data is more entry-level and less integrated than Akasha Ap Emrys' at the preceding site.
Removed from the Home Page 3 July 1999:
Despite Eliade's unfortunate title, a good place to start is with this massive site, "From Primitives to Zen," a hypertext conversion of Mircea Eliade's reference work.  [3/2/00 Note: this one probably vanished due to copyright problems.]

Back to the Home Page

Copyright 2000-2003 by Kathleen Jenks, Ph.D.
Page created 2 March 2000

Latest Updates: 3 March 2000; 3 April 2000;
28 July 2001; 23 August 2001 (reversed order of entries); 24 October 2001;
21, 23, & 26 January 2003; 25 March 2003.