An Annotated & Illustrated Collection of Worldwide Links to Mythologies,
Fairy Tales & Folklore, Sacred Arts & Sacred Traditions
by Kathleen Jenks, Ph.D.
Pakistan Map from Lonely Planet
17 September 2001, 11:24pm --
Pakistan was once part of the ancient Indus Valley, rich with history and mystery. Pakistan today is a land of drought, great poverty, and, ironically, deadly nuclear power. May we be wise and respectful in our dealings with her.
I begin with a paradox -- an arresting image of a little girl in a mosque full of men.......
http://ebooks.whsmithonline.co.uk/encyclopedia/36/M0019836.htm"A girl looks at Pakistani Muslim men praying at a mosque in Islamabad September 14, 2001. Pakistan military ruler General Pervez Musharraf, under pressure for backing Afghanistan's Taliban movement, on Thursday pledged full cooperation in the fight against terrorism to U.S. President George W. Bush." (REUTERS/Aziz Haidari)
From England's Hutchinson Family Encyclopedia comes an overview of Pakistan's history. It is a "new" country, created by the British, and its beginnings were bloody:http://www.parthia.com/...The name 'Pakistan' for a Muslim division of British India was put forward in 1930 by Choudhary Rahmat Ali (1897–1951) from names of the Muslim parts of the subcontinent: Punjab, the Afghan Northwest Frontier, Kashmir, Sind, and Baluchistan. Pak means 'pure' in Urdu, and stan means 'land'.
Fear of domination by the Hindu majority in India led in 1940 to a serious demand by Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the leader of the Muslim League, for a separate Muslim state. This contributed to the delay in Britain granting independence for some years, but in 1947 British India was divided into two dominions, India and Pakistan.
The Islamic state of Pakistan was created, on Indian independence in 1947, out of the Northwest Frontier Region, the northwestern region of Punjab, Baluchistan, and Sind (making up West Pakistan), and the eastern region of East Bengal (making up East Pakistan)....
...Sectarian violence had been simmering for years, and at partition hundreds of thousands of Muslims and Hindus were massacred as they fled to the appropriate states....
Pakistan and many other lands in this region were once part of the Persian empire of Parthia:...The Parthian Empire is a fascinating period of Persian history closely connected to Greece and Rome. Ruling from 247 B.C. to A.D. 228 in ancient Persia (Iran), the Parthians defeated Alexander the Great's successors, the Seleucids, conquered most of the Middle East and southwest Asia, and built Parthia into an Eastern superpower. The Parthian empire revived the greatness of the Achaemenid empire and counterbalanced Rome's hegemony in the West. Parthia at one time occupied areas now in Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaidzhan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Palestine and Israel....This site looks at the region as a whole and doesn't devote any space to the region of Pakistan, per se, which, as we've seen, didn't exist as a nation until the 1940's. Nevertheless, the site gives fascinating data on a much earlier historical layer. In today's terms, Pakistan once belonged to Iran, still a major power in the region.
PAKISTAN'S ARTS, MUSIC,
& CULTURAL TRADITIONS
This is a useful Pakistani "Fact Sheet" & historical chronology from England's Hutchinson Family Encyclopedia (also see listing above under History).http://www.lonelyplanet.com/destinations/indian_subcontinent/pakistan/
This is a travel-oriented site, "Destinations" by the in-your-face and always informative Lonely Planet, an organization that covers destinations around the world. It offers a good selection of facts and figures interspersed with interesting data:http://dir.yahoo.com/Regional/Countries/Pakistan/Even before the Iranian revolution and the Afghan and Iran-Iraq wars throttled Asian overland travel, Pakistan tended to be seen as simply the last hurdle before reaching India. Few Westerners know much about Pakistan beyond media impressions of guns and drugs, communal violence and martial law, but it contains some of Asia's most mind-blowing landscapes, extraordinary trekking, a multitude of cultures and a deeply hospitable people. It's the site of some of the earliest human settlements, home to an ancient civilisation rivalling those of Egypt and Mesopotamia, and the crucible of two of the world's major religions, Hinduism and Buddhism....
This is Yahoo's regional search page on Pakistan -- the links are well chosen and cover a wide range of categories for those who like to explore topics on their own.
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Copyright © 2001 by Kathleen Jenks, Ph.D.
Designed late evening 17 September 2001.
Launched 18 September 2001, 1am (PDT), with minimal content.