An Annotated & Illustrated Collection of Worldwide Links to Mythologies,
Fairy Tales & Folklore, Sacred Arts & Sacred Traditions
by Kathleen Jenks, Ph.D.
Pacifica Graduate Institute


[Unless indicated, all annotations date from 1998 and are still current]

Two Men Buried Together:
Tomb of Niankhkhnum and Khnumhotep
Saqqara, 5th Dynasty
(Copyright Greg Reeder -- used with permission --
see first entry below)

Author's Note (1998):

Most of Egyptology deals with men.  Thus, in a sense, to have a separate section is redundant.  However, these sites by Greg Reeder (also see under Links to the Linksand Religious Beliefs & Practices) present a unique perspective that might be overlooked elsewhere.  I'm therefore giving them their own page....
This handsomely designed site, with art and a clickable floorplan of the tomb, explores the recently discovered (1964) Saqqara tomb of two men.  These were 5th Dynasty manicurists to the royal court, who were buried together as lovers? twin brothers? close friends?.  Greg Reeder explores the problematical issues involved in the discovery without ever attempting to sensationlize it.
(Note:  Reeder is an editor at KMT, a respected modern journal of ancient Egypt.)
This site is called "Extreme Egyptology" by Greg Reeder.  It is visually one of the most beautiful sites I've found  -- the text seems to float over the almost-mystical pale background.  Here Reeder further explores the possibility of same-sex love, both divine and human, in ancient Egyptian texts and art.
[20 August 2000]: This is a new link I found a few weeks ago on Greg Reeder's site.  The paper is "Autofellatio and Ontology / Isap kontol sendiri dan ontologi: Ancient Egyptian Religion and the Problem of Closure" by Dr. David Lorton.  It is the brilliant text of a lecture given at Virginia Commonwealth University on September 20, 1996.  On one level, it's about the Heliopolitan cosmogony in ancient Egypt centered around the primal god Atum's sacred masturbatory act, from which the rest of the Ennead (or "Nine") emerged.  On a deeper level, involving philosophers Martin Heidegger and Jacques Derrida, it becomes an enthralling exploration of a "relentlessly male" monadic-moment in a larger dyadic context.   Among Lorton's intriguing discoveries is that Atum's orgasm is named nedjmemet, which is grammatically feminine, and not, as one might expect, male, despite the fact that "orgasm" in ancient Egyptian exists in both a male and female form.  Lorton fully explores the implications.  [Note: the lecture runs some 20 pages so you might wish to print it out.  Parents need not worry that it'll fall into the hands of their children -- the paper is so rigorously intellectual that even many adults will have trouble following it.]

(from here you can get to the opening AFRICA page)

AlexandriaAmarna/Art & Artifacts/Daily Life in Ancient Egypt/Egypt: General Information, Travel, Etc./
Egypt: through the Eyes of Photographers & ArtistsHieroglyphs, Papyrus & TextsLinks to the Links/
Men of Ancient EgyptMultiple Category SitesMythologyOther Archaeological SitesPyramids/
Religious Beliefs&PracticesWomen of Ancient EgyptThe Sahara


If you have comments or suggestions,
my email address will be found near the bottom of my home page.
Please note that I cannot help with homework questions -- you will find useful links with tips for doing your own web searches on my Search Engine page.  You will also find excellent resources on my General Reference page.  Good luck with your projects!

This page created with Netscape Gold 3.01
Technical assistance: William Weeks
Text and Design:
Copyright 1998-2003 by Kathleen Jenks, Ph.D.

Latest Updates:
24 January 1999;
20 August 2000 (changed background, color-scheme and added a great new link);
21 & 23 January 2003: redesigned, un-webcom'd, made minor format changes + links check; Nedstated.

Note: "Thatch" background (I've darkened it) is from Dream Tiles.