This page is still a work-in-progress with ungrokked links -- please be patient!

An Annotated & Illustrated Collection of Worldwide Links to Mythologies,
Fairy Tales & Folklore, Sacred Arts & Sacred Traditions
by Kathleen Jenks, Ph.D.
Pacifica Graduate Institute




Skiffs in the Nile Swamps
Saqqarah: Mastaba of Kagemni
6th Dynasty, c. 2300 BCE
From World Art Treasures

This "Life in Ancient Egypt" is a pleasant, classy little site created by the Carnegie Museum of Natural History.   After you click on the image on the black background of the homepage, you'll move through an opening orientation and chronology to pages covering the natural world of ancient Egypt, daily life, gods & religion (disappointingly minimal), and funerary customs.  Data is fairly basic but often useful as an overview.  Each page offers clickable hyperlinks with more detailed text and art.  The site is a model for ease of navigation.
This page lists three journal articles on Egyptian bread making and brewing by Dr. Delwen Samuel of University College London.  I'm trying to reach her to see if there's any chance of putting these online.  In the meantime, here are their particulars for those with access to the journals involved:
Samuel, Delwen. (1999) Bread making and social interactions at the Amarna Workmen's village, Egypt (Journal Article in World Archaeology)

Samuel, Delwen. (1996) Investigation of ancient Egyptian baking and brewing methods by correlative microscopy (Journal Article in Science)

Samuel, Delwen. (1996) Approaches to the archaeology of food (Journal Article in Petits Propos Culinaires)
This is an August/September 1996 Cambridge University Newsletter mentioning Dr. Delwen Samuel's work (see above).  It's fascinating and brief enough that I'm citing it in full here:
Ancient Egyptian Beer

The first modern version of ancient Egyptian beer was recently launched after help from a Cambridge researcher. Six years ago, remnants of a massive kitchen complex were discovered at a dig in Tell el Amarna, directed by Barry Kemp, reader at Cambridge. Dr Delwen Samuel, an archaeobotanist was called in to analyse beer-making equipment, as well as beer vessels from ordinary houses in the city. Dr Samuel looked at starch remnants in the vessels using a scanning electron microscope. It was a lengthy matter of reconstructing the recipe, gathering the same ingredients and using the techniques known to have existed over 3250 years ago.

A special crop of emmer was grown, a now rare grain but the only wheat used by the ancient Egyptians. Then it was a matter of finding suitable flavourings, since hops were not used by the Egyptians. Dr Samuel and the brewery hit upon coriander, a herb common to the Nile region, and a flavour that balanced the malted emmer remarkably well. When she was satisfied with the recipe, Scottish and Newcastle took the bold decision to make a limited amount of beer for public consumption. `Tut's Ale' was launched with an initial run of 1000 bottles, at £50 a bottle. Proceeds will aid further archaeology in Egypt.
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(from here you can get to the opening AFRICA page)

AlexandriaAmarnaArt & ArtifactsDaily Life in Ancient Egypt/Egypt: General Information, Travel, Etc./
Egypt: through the Eyes of Photographers & ArtistsHieroglyphs, Papyrus & TextsLinks to the Links/
Men of Ancient EgyptMultiple Category SitesMythologyOther Archaeological SitesPyramids/
Religious Beliefs&PracticesWomen of Ancient EgyptThe Sahara


If you have comments or suggestions,
my email address will be found near the bottom of my home page.
Please note that I cannot help with homework questions -- you will find useful links with tips for doing your own web searches on my Search Engine page.  You will also find excellent resources on my General Reference page.  Good luck with your projects!
This page created with Netscape 4.79
Technical assistance: William Weeks
Text and Design:
Copyright 2003 by Kathleen Jenks, Ph.D.
All rights reserved.
23 January 2003: created this new page, shifting the 1998 annotation for Carnegie Museum to it;
all other links are from 2003; 26 January 2003: added 2 new ones, but no time to annotate yet.

Credits: "Thatch" background (I've darkened it) is from Dream Tiles.