MYTH*ING LINKS
An Annotated & Illustrated Collection of Worldwide Links to Mythologies,
Fairy Tales & Folklore, Sacred Arts & Sacred Traditions
by Kathleen Jenks, Ph.D.

[Also see Myth*ing Links' 2012-2013 Lunar New Year of the Water Dragon,
Common Themes:  Dragon and Serpent,
and 2010-2011 Lunar New Year of the Metal Tiger]

10 January 2012: This page is also listed under Starlore, Animal Guides, Seasonal, and China.
Because they deal as much with art as starlore, the first three links (and accompanying two images) will be found
unchanged & as originally posted on 2010's Tiger in Art, Literature, & Culture, East & West  page.
For the same reason, but revised and newly expanded for 2012, they will also be found  on this combo-page
as well as on the forthcoming Dragon in Art, Literature, & Culture, East & West  page.
Eight rather technical zodiac links have been permanently removed from "Tiger in Art"
and are now on this page, where they have been expanded with dragon data.
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
DRAGON & TIGER
IN CHINESE STARLORE,
CONSTELLATIONS,
& ZODIAC
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________


Chinese Dragon / Tiger
[See directly below]

http://www.the-gallery-of-china.com/chinese-paintings-tiger-info.html

Here are excerpts about the Zodiac meanings of the Chinese tiger, yang ruler of earth-beasts as well as the Guardian Spirit of Agriculture.  The dragon, with whom the tiger is often paired, is yin ruler of the sky-beasts.  Excerpts:
The Tiger, the third sign of the Chinese zodiac, is thought of as ruler of the beasts on Earth in contrast to the Dragon which is ruler of the beasts of the sky.... The Chinese Tiger is a yang animal and is associated with a potent male principle of courage, bravery, dignity and sternness. It is sometimes known as "king of the mountains" and it is said that it has the power to drive away demons....
A Chinese painting dipicting a Tiger  is often hung on a wall inside the building and facing the entrance - in this way "demons" are scared away and can not enter. Feng Shui practitioners often like to use the ch'i of the Tiger in this way. In ancient China the Tiger was the principle animal god and was known as the Guardian Spirit of Agriculture that was believed to devour the Drought Demon....
I found the following beliefs quite interesting -- that tigers eventually turn white and that amber is the manifestation of a tiger's spirit:
It was believed that Tigers turned white after 500 years, could live 1000 years and that upon the Tiger's death its spirit entered the earth and became Amber, in fact the original Chinese term for Amber was "Soul of the Tiger".
[Added 10 January 2012]:  Here is more from the same site's dragon page:
It has long been believed that the Chinese dragon has the power to burst the clouds and bring down the rain. As water symbolizes wealth the dragon is understood to attract wealth -- but one must be able to turn the challenges that the dragon brings into advantages.

In China the dragon is known as the ruler of spring that positively influences natural growth. In the area of wealth the same principle applies and so wealth will not be achieved in a dragon year if one's motivation is greed. A balanced attitude towards life is required.

...The most auspicious placing for a Chinese dragon painting is facing water, ideally an ocean, sea, river or stream - moving water.

Even though depicted without wings on a Chinese painting the Chinese dragon is believed to fly and is usually painted against the clouds and the sun or moon.

In the Chinese zodiac, as the above makes clear, the tiger is viewed as Yang (male) and the dragon is Yin (female).  In Taoism, however, as we'll see directly below, the dragon represents the indispensable male element of Yang and the tiger is the indispensable female element of Yin.
http://www.rightreading.com/writing/taoism-and-the-arts-of-china.htm
[Added 1/26/09 for Ox year, updated 18 January 2010 for Tiger year]: This is "Taoism and the Arts of China" by Thomas Christensen. Written for San Francisco's famous Asian Art Museum, this scholarly article from 2001 is well illustrated and rich with insight. (It should be noted that Christensen's spellings differ from what we are used to: thus, Lao-Tse is Laozi and Tao Te Ching is Daode jing.)

The essay opens with a excellent and lively introduction to Taoism:

How can we understand Taoism? It appears at first to be a school of philosophy, but then we learn that ordained Taoist priests, wearing formal robes, perform prescribed rituals before precisely laid-out altars. It seems firmly rooted in humanism, but then we discover that it boasts an extensive pantheon of deities who populate an elaborate network of heavens. It seems to address in the broadest terms the most general questions, but then we find that its theories are detailed in volumes of painstaking minutia. It may appear as a religion, but then it manifests itself as a system of alchemy, of medicine, of geomancy, of astrology, or in any number of bewildering forms.
Some distance into the essay comes this relevant passage on the yin-tiger and yang-dragon in Taoism:
...To some extent, Taoism can be viewed as championing of the virtues of yin in the face of Confucianism's emphasis on yang.

Today the symbol of yin/yang is the taiji diagram (fig. 6), but it did not appear in a Taoist context until the Song dynasty (960–1279). Before that time, yin was represented by the tiger and yang by the dragon; this convention dates at least from the Zhou dynasty (approx. 1050–256 BCE) and probably from the Neolithic. The tiger and dragon are often found as a paired motif in Taoist iconography. "In addition to symbolizing yin and yang, the tiger and dragon also symbolize west and east, and the elements (or phases) fire and metal. In Taoist chemical alchemy (waidan, or "outer" alchemy), the tiger and dragon also represent two of the most powerful elixir ingredients known, lead and mercury, while in the Inner Alchemy (neidan) tradition, the two animals symbolize yin and yang as they are brought together in the inner (human) body through visualization and transformed to create a divine embryonic form of the practitioner" (Stephen Little).

The whole essay is engaging and well worth reading.

Doan (Yamada Yorikiyo), Japanese
Tiger and Dragon, ink on paper, around 1560
The Minneapolis Institute of Arts
(See directly below)

http://www.artsmia.org/education/teacher-resources/pnt-objectinfocus.cfm?v=33

This March 2005 page, with unusually rich content, is from Artsmia, an educational site from the Minneapolis Institute of Arts.  The page examines the Tiger/Dragon, Yin/Yang pair as it appears in the above example of Zen art.  Here are a few excerpts:
... a dragon shoots into view from a swirling cloud. His motion whips the water below into wild waves. The dragon opens his mouth to roar, as tufts of hair and whiskers fly in all directions.

... a tiger crouches low to the rocky ground. Steady and strong in the wind that bends the bamboo behind her, she silently eyes the dragon in the heavens. Not even her whiskers twitch....

...The screens illustrate why these two animals, both of them powerful and strong, are fitting symbols for yin and yang.

..The tiger crouches low to the rocky ground, a sign that the yin earth is the tiger’s territory. Plants bend in the force of the wind, said to be created by the tiger’s mighty roar. But the tiger’s strength is a quiet power, held in her taut muscles.

..The dragon, on the other hand, is full of active energy. His head rises out of the yang heavens. His energy causes rain clouds to swirl and waves to form. But the tiger and dragon seem evenly matched. One will not dominate the other, just as the forces of yin and yang balance each other in the universe.

The ancient Taoist idea of yin and yang, and the symbolism of the tiger and dragon, came to Japan from China. The ideas had been absorbed into a form of Buddhism based on meditation, known as Chan in China and Zen in Japan. Zen appealed to the samurai warriors rising to power at the end of the 12th century. The simplicity and self-control of meditation was good training for the disciplined life of a warrior.

Warriors admired ink painting for similar reasons. It requires the simplest of materials, just ink, water, and paper. At the same time, it takes great control to use just one color—black, thinned to grays with water—to suggest a full range of tones, with just a few strokes. Once on the paper, a brushstroke cannot be changed....

The page also suggests interactive activities and poses questions designed to help readers explore the topic more deeply.  Again, a very engaging site, for both young and old.


[See directly below]

http://www.fengshuigate.com/cosmology.html
[Left ungrokked from 29 January 2010 & finally added 9 January 2012]:  This is "The Cosmological Origins of Fengshui," an illustrated 1998 paper by Dr. Stephen L. Field of Trinity University.  It has fascinating data on China's four sky-deities, including the dragon and tiger. There's also a great little animation of stars circling the globe (see above) -- it's quite lovely but I can't fgure out what it's trying to show!  For those who "get it," however, this will be a site of great interest.  Here is how the article, moving from ancient cosmologists to fengshui masters, concludes. This, at least, I can grasp:
...In the ideal world the four celestial deities of the dragon, tiger, bird and turtle, do indeed meet the earth as they traverse the horizon. The permanent situation captured on the earth plate of the cosmograph--dragon to the east, bird to the south, tiger to the west, and turtle to the north--represents the spring equinox. In many ancient cultures, including China, this marks the beginning of the new year. When the cosmologist was replaced by the fengshui master in the centuries during and after the Han dynasty, the cosmograph slowly evolved into the compass, an unmistakable Chinese invention, and the function of the instrument evolved from celestial to terrestrial divination. But the purpose was unchanged. The hope was that humans might recapture the perfection of the ideal world. When he locates the dragon and tiger in his local environment, the fengshui master has discovered a veritable heaven on earth.


Royal Chinese Neolithic Grave
[See link directly below]

http://hua.umf.maine.edu/China/astronomy/tianpage/0006H_9183w.html
[Left ungrokked from 29 January 2010 & finally added 9 January 2012]:  Large white tiger (bottom) and azure dragon (top) "constellations"on either side of a skeleton in a Neolithic grave.  Excerpt:
This grave is number 45 at the Xishuipo Puyang site in Henan Province. The Neolithic grave dates to around 5300 BC and may have been that of a king. The Azure Dragon and White Tiger can be seen keeping the skeleton company. The Vermillion Bird is out of sight. The symbols may have been buried with the king to protect him or as symbols of his status in the heavens....

The inclusion of celestial features in graves is found all over the world in early societies that developed astronomy and astrology. The belief that the cyclical occurrences in nature had some sort of plan and a spirit or power to guide them led man to try to discover ways to appease, to control, or to influence those powers. The Chinese belief that there was a direct link between the celestial plan and the imperial house was one of the essential ingredients for the continuous dynastic system with consistent heritage from era to era. To cut ties with the heavens meant cutting the government off from legitimacy. Even in death, the king prepared to assume his rightful place among those who had been given the mandate of heaven....

I really love this concept of being buried between celestial constellations as a way of showing the soul its portal to Other Realms!  Very cool! I can think of what I'd like for my own burial, but that's private <smile>.

Note: This page also has artwork depicting the hare in moon (fyi: used detail of hare for 2011 Rabbit Art page and entire image with dragon as the opening artwork for 2012 Dragon Art  page).

http://hua.umf.maine.edu/China/astronomy/tianpage/0007H_solarsystem5395w.html
[Discovered 1/9/12 by accident at the above site]: This page from the same site is called "Chinese Astronomy -- Theories of the Solar System." I found it by accidentally clicking on a tiny, nearly invisible arrow on the preceding Neolithic grave page. There are no dragons or tigers here but this page does have four pieces of bold, spectacular modern artwork depicting ancient China's view of earth's relationship to the sky -- e.g., the sky is like a hen's egg surrounding the earth, which is like a yolk in the middle of that protective vastness.  Here is how this one opens (text is minimal after this):
                    There were three major theories of cosmology over the course of Chinese history.
                    The first viewed the heavens as a great canopy or cover (Gài Ti?n ??) and
                    originated around the 12th century BC. The second, Hún Ti?n - ??, proposed by
                    Zhang Heng, compared the cosmos to an egg with the earth at the center. The third
                    saw all heavenly bodies floating in space (Xu?n Yè ??). The second and third were
                    both proposed during the Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220 AD). Chinese astronomy
                    paid little attention to cosmology, accepting the spherical heavens model proposed
                    by Zhang Heng as adequate. The Polestar was seen as the center of the heavens and
                    the fact that it was not at the zenith was explained in folk tales by charming stories to
                    explain how the south had slipped down and the north had risen in relation to the
                    heavens. For the professional astronomer, prediction was tied to astrology so it was
                    as difficult for them to take a dispassionate and detached position as it was for the
                    Catholic Church in the sixteenth century.
FYI: top middle tiny, dark arrow goes to site-index -- much still to explore there! Left arrow goes back to that neolithic grave; right arrow goes to a new page with an odd-looking calendar called "24 Seasonal Segments" -- if you keep hitting the righthand arrow, you'll keep going to more & more new pages. I went to a few and found that all these pages come from Marilyn Shea, Department of Psychology, University of Maine at Farmington. She's done a terrific job.  Another page I especially like has four paintings featuring the seasonal positions of stars over the Great Wall of China: Chinese Astronomy -- The Seasons.

Ancient Chinese Seasons (starting with autumn's white tiger)
[See directly below -- a larger version is shown on their webpage]

http://www.starlab.com/starlab_cylinders.html#chinese
This is from StarLab, a firm that provides cylinders for planetarium projectors. They have astronomical cylinders as well as those for constellations depicting worldwide ancient myths and legends. I'm not sure how it all works but it's a fabulous idea. I'm quoting the brief blurb on "Ancient Chinese Seasons" in full:
This vivid cylinder features the four beasts representing the ancient seasons: the White Tiger (autumn), the Black Tortoise (winter), the Blue Dragon (spring) and the Red Bird (summer). These beasts influenced every aspect of life of the Ancient Chinese. Each of these larger constellations contains smaller figures that serve as seasonal reminders.
http://kaleidoscope.cultural-china.com/en/10Kaleidoscope5181.html
Minimal data but a great, colorful graphic of Chinese constellations, only there's no way to identify them!  Still, it'll give you a sense of how different they are from the West's constellations. (Note: the page offers a search-function but I found the results unsatisfactory.)
http://www.onmarkproductions.com/html/ssu-ling.shtml
This site from Mark Schumacher offers more in-depth insight into the above "Four Guardians of the Four Compass Directions."  The data comes from various sources, both online and from books (each scrupulously and clearly identified).  From left to right (I rearranged them to mesh with the above artwork):
White Tiger (Kirin) = West, Fall, White, Metal
Tortoise (Black Warrior) = North, Winter, Black, Water
Dragon = East, Spring, Blue/Green, Wood
Red Bird (Phoenix) = South, Summer, Red, Fire
The text (as noted, from various sources -- please see the site for details) explains:
At the heart of Chinese mythology are four spiritual creatures .... each guarding a direction on the compass. In China, the four date back to at least the 2nd century BC. Each creature has a corresponding season, color, element, virtue, and other traits. Further, each corresponds to a quadrant in the sky, with each quadrant containing seven seishuku, or star constellations (also called the 28 lunar mansions or lodges; for charts, see this outside site [note from KJ: excellent data at this hypertexted link on star-history, astrology, Big Dipper's role, etc but the actual charts are too reduced to make out Tiger and his mansions -- but see another link from this site further down]). Each of the four groups of seven is associated with one of the four celestial creatures. There was a fifth direction -- the center, representing China itself -- which carried its own seishuku....

...The pictorial theme developed around the Warring States to Early Han period in China. Frequently painted on the walls of early Chinese and Korean tombs, the animals served primarily an apotropaic function warding off evil spirits.....

...Each animal has its own color: the Dragon is the Green of Spring, the Bird the red of Fire, the Tiger of Autumn the glittering white of metal (of ploughshares or swords), and the Tortoise Black, for night, or water. The four celestial animals, which have no connection with the twelve animals of the Chinese zodiac, are also the names of the four divisions of the sky. The Dragon's Heart, the Pleiades, and the Bird Star are the names of three of the lunar mansions which marked the central position of the Dragon, Tiger and Bird. As there was no identifying star at the centre of the Black Tortoise, the appropriate place (the eleventh mansion) was called Void.”....

...[The White Tiger] [g]uards Buddha’s teachings and mankind; observes world with clairvoyance; corresponds to the season fall, the color white, wind, the element metal, and the virtue righteousness. Says Donald Mackenzie: "The White Tiger of the West, for instance, is associated with metal. When, therefore, metal is placed in a grave, a ceremonial connection with the tiger god is effected. According to the Chinese Annals of Wu and Yueh, three days after the burial of the king, the essence of the element metal assumed the shape of a white tiger and crouched down on the top of the grave. Here the tiger is a protector - a preserver. As we have seen, white jade was used when the Tiger god of the West was worshipped; it is known as 'tiger jade;' a tiger was depicted on the jade symbol. To the Chinese the tiger was the king of all animals and lord of the mountains, and the tiger-jade ornament was specially reserved for commanders of armies. The male tiger was, among other things, the god of war, and in this capacity it not only assisted the armies of the emperors, but fought the demons that threatened the dead in their graves."....

[Added 1/10/12]: Note: for corresponding data on the Dragon, see Mark Schumacher's excellent accompanying webpage focused specifically on DRAGONS.

Overall, the site is generously illustrated and has good links to bibliographic and online resources. The only cautionary comment I'd make is that if your browser (like mine) is missing Chinese and Japanese characters, limited portions of the page will display with a handful of ???????? marks.
http://www.onmarkproductions.com/html/28-moon-stations.html
Again from Mark Schumacher comes this page exploring the above-mentioned constellations/28 Lunar Mansions/Moon Stations in Japanese Buddhism. Excerpts:
An astrological grouping from ancient India...refers to 27 or 28 points that the moon passes through in one month and the associated star constellations found in the cosmic background. Each of these points (constellations) is associated with a deity, although the point-deity association varies among nations and sects. A similar grouping of 28 was developed independently in China. The Chinese merged their system with that from India following the introduction of Buddhism to China around the 1st and 2nd centuries CE. Unlike India, the grouping in China was always 28. It is the Chinese system that was imported by the Japanese. The 28 moon lodges or 28 lunar mansions (as they are often called in English) are divided into four clusters, with each cluster made up of seven constellations. The four clusters represent the four cardinal directions (north, south, east, west)....
On the tiger's role, here is a chart showing the tiger's 7 constellations (or lunar mansions) -- question marks indicate missing Chinese and Sanskrit characters:
Chinese | Meaning | Jp. Star Reading | Sanskrit Spelling | (Western Constellation)

1. ?, Stride / Foot, Tokaki Boshi, Revat? (Delta And, Andromeda)
2. ?, Hill / Lasso / Bellows, Tatara Boshi, A?vayuj or A?vin? (Beta Ari, Aries)
3. ?, Stomach, Ekie Boshi, Apabhara?? or Bhara?? (35 Ari, Aries)
4. ?, Stopping Place / United, Subaru Boshi, K?ttik? (17 Tau, 16 Tau, Pleiades)
5. ?, Net (related to Rain?), Amefuri Boshi, Rohi?? (Epsilon Tau, Taurus)
6. ?, Turtle Snout, Toroki Boshi, Invak? or M?ga?iras (Lamda Ori, Phi Ori, Orion)
7. ?, Investigate / Three, Kagasuki Boshi, B?hu / ?rdr? (Delta or Beta Ori, Orion)

As you can see, the Tiger's relevant seven "Lunar Mansions" involve a star in Andromeda, two in Aries, one in the Pleiades, one in Taurus, and two in Orion.
Note: the site also has fascinating data on the Big Dipper, the Pole Star as we know it, and the Pole Star as it was once found in the constellation Draco:
Around 1,800 BC, the celestial indicator (the “pole star”) was not the modern-day North Star (Polaris), but rather Thuban, a star in the constellation known as Draco or Dragon....
This additional material lies beyond my tiger-focus, however, so I will leave it for those who are interested in it to explore further.
[Update 10 January 2012: since I have now combined both tiger and dragon on this new page, I intended to search out complementary material on "Lunar Mansions" for the dragon. Unfortunately, however, I have no idea how I managed to "grok" what I did two years ago for the tiger. I didn't really understand it then and understand it still less tonight. Thus, if you're eager to explore the dragon's "Lunar Mansions," you're on your own <wry smile>. I have enormous respect for astrologers who can make sense of all this!]
This star chart shows the Tiger's realm which is held within relevant red-circle groupings of Western constellations (names abbreviated along the bottom) and numbers 15 through 21 running along the top.  The big and tiny stars in yellow are the relevant Chinese ones (skip the one at the upper far left -- it belongs to the next section).  In section 15 you can see 2 big ones. In section 17, one big and to its left within a funny "W" is a tiny one.  In section 18, one big.  In section 19, one tiny (in a little 3-star arc above Orion).  Section 20 seems to be only 1/4" wide -- I have no idea why -- but in section 21 is the 7th star, a big one in Orion's belt.  As noted, there's another big one in section 21right on the boundary with section 22 but, whatever it is, its line-signature connects it to a constellation in section 22 so it doesn't belong to the Tiger's realm. If you connect the 7 dots you get a curving line running upwards from left to right -- I have no idea if that is supposed to indicate the tiger's body, tail, or what.
From "China, the Beautiful" site, directly below:
http://www.chinapage.com/astronomy/constellation28.html
[Added 29 January 2010]: From "China, the Beautiful" comes another page on the constellations -- minimal data here but a great starmap.  I've spent many unsuccessful hours/day the past week trying to find an image of the Tiger with the above 7 constellations within him, or at least a composite star map showing familiar Greco-Roman constellations with an overlay of the Tiger.  This link doesn't have that but at least it shows that the Tiger is in a quadrant labeled #15-21, so I've cropped that portion and added it above. I'm beginning to think that there is no Tiger constellation, per se.  It might be that the Tiger and the other three Celestial Animals are the invisible rulers/guides/shamans of their own quadrants, each containing seven individual constellations/mansions.  In other words, they're beyond being constellations themselves.  They "own" seven constellations as overlords -- but they would seem to occupy a different plane than that in which their mansions lie.  (If I have this wrong, I hope someone with more expertise will write me.)
http://www2.gol.com/users/stever/fall.htm
[Added 29 January 2010]: This is another page from the site that was hypertexted above on one of Mark Schumacher's pages.  It offers a large, colorful (almost gaudy) graphic that shows just the limited band in which the seven lie.  I enjoyed comparing it with the less specific but larger vista in the chart above.  The page also gives the Chinese characters along with Chinese and Japanese names for the 7 Tiger/autumn "Moon Stations."

The Dragon's Lunar Mansions
See site directly below -- I didn't realize it at first but this is from the same website as the above link,
where you'll find a similar Tiger-focused graphic, which I had dismissed as too "gaudy" for 2010's muted palette.

http://www2.gol.com/users/stever/spring.htm
[Added 1/10/12]: Well, despite what I wrote a few hours ago (scroll a few inches up this page), I did decide to look for the Dragon's "Lunar Mansions" after all.  I found them on a site listed on Mark Schumacher's page (see 2010 link above the image).  I'll skip the technical data since I can't get my head around it, but this kind of graphic makes more sense to me than in 2010 (when I was too enmeshed with the complex, dizzying style of "China, the Beautiful"). I still can't figure out if the celestial dragon, tiger, bird, and tortoise are constellations in their own right or "overlords" of 7 constellations each (see my comments 2 links up).
http://english.savechinastigers.org/node/316
I wasn't going to quote anything more from Li Quan's "Save China's Tigers" website (see my Tiger in Art, Literature, & Culture, East & West for my overall opinion of it), but this page does provide good details on tiger lore that I haven't found elsewhere. Excerpts:
...The tiger is also associated with autumn, when it comes down from the mountains into villages, and is personified by the constellation Orion, which is prominent in autumn. In Chinese astrology, the star Alpha of the Great Bear constellation gave birth to the first tiger.... In southern China, on the tiger's birthday on the second moon in the lunar calendar, fixed in the Western calendar as March 6, women worship the White Tiger. They place paper images of the tiger in their homes to keep away rats and snakes and prevent quarrels. On this date, effigies of the tiger are also put in front of temple buildings for people to make offerings. The God of Wealth, the deified Marshal Chao Gongming (Ch'ao Kung-ming), is depicted riding a black tiger and holding a silver ingot. The Chinese call an able general a tiger general and a brave solider a tiger warrior....

As the enemies of evil spirits, especially those who torment the dead, tigers are carved on tombs and monuments. The Chinese system of feng shui (geomancy) requires that a burial site be higher on the right side, the stronger side of the body, so that the White Tiger can guard it; the Azure Dragon guards the left side, the body's weaker side....

http://www.santafenewmexican.com/PrintStory/Orion-is-a-winter-night-s-delight
Finally, still on starlore, this is an appealing little 12/22/2009 essay by Peter Lipscomb for The Santa Fe New Mexican, "Orion is a winter night's delight."  Here is an excerpt with a brief mention of the tiger's Chinese connection to the belt stars of autumn/winter's Orion:
Rising above the eastern horizon a few hours after nightfall is a constellation familiar to both casual and avid stargazers — Orion, the hunter. During the winter months, it is well placed in the southern sky giving us a chance to explore its celestial bounty.... Many cultures created stories about this conspicuous constellation.

In ancient Egypt, the star pattern was associated with Osiris god of death and the underworld. Some claim that the layout of the pyramids at Giza is an earthbound mirror image of Orion's belt stars. According to Chinese tradition, the belt stars are the Three Stars Mansion a domain of the White Tiger. A Latin American name for the asterism is Las Tres Marias. Star lore from France, South Africa and Holland share a common name for the belt stars — the three kings. In Finland, sky watchers link Orion with the scythe of potent and magical figure Väinämöinen because the constellation returns to the night sky during autumn harvest....

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
OTHER RELEVANT Myth*ingLinks PAGES:

General Data on Lunar New Year

A Gallery of Art & Culture Related to the Ox25 January 2009

Pigs in History, Religion, Culture, & Art:
[This is one of my new January 2007 pages with general information
but also great material on ancient China's pigs and pig-dragons.]

NOTE:
201-2012 Year of the Metal Rabbit is now at: Lunar Archives: MetalRabbit
2010-2011 Year of the Metal Tiger is now at: Lunar Archives: MetalTiger
2009-2010 Year of the Earth Ox is now at: Lunar Archives: EarthOx
2008-2009 Year of the Earth Rat is now at: Lunar Archives: EarthRat
 2007-2008 Year of the Fire Pig is now at: Lunar Archives: FirePig
 2006-2007 Year of the Fire Dog is now at: Lunar Archives: FireDog
2005-2006 Year of the Wood Rooster is now at: Lunar Archives: Wood Rooster
 2004-2005 Year of the Wood Monkey is now at: Lunar Archives: Wood Monkey
 2003-2004 Year of the Water Goat is now at: Lunar Archives: Water Goat
2002-2003 Year of the Water Horse is now at: Lunar Archives: Water Horse
2001-2002 Year of the Metal Snake page is now at: Lunar Archives: Metal Snake
 2000-2001 Year of the Metal Dragon page is now at:Lunar Archives: Metal Dragon

To the ASIA menu-page

To Common Themes: Time
(Calendars, Millennial Issues, etc)

To Common Themes: Star Lore & Astrology

To Current Winter Greetings & Lore page

To the Imbolc page

To the Annual Springtide Greetings page


My complete Table of Contents
& e-mail address are on my Home Page.

© 2010-2012 Kathleen Jenks, Ph.D.
Note: much of the material here was pulled from 2010's "Tiger Art" page  (see below for details).

2012:
9 January 2012:  at the bottom of my 2010 Tiger Art  page, I just found 9 links (with brief descriptions) from 18 January 2010 labeled as "ungrokked." But at some point I had already integrated them into the finished page so I have no idea why I didn't delete them in 2010 (except that I was extremely exhausted that winter).  So I deleted them today.  I also grokked 2 more zodiac-animal links I'd added in the "wee hours of 29 January 2010."  I'm not yet sure if I'll add them to this page or shift them to my new dragon page.

10 January 2012: This was getting way too complicated yesterday.  I really didn't wish to copy & paste the first 11 zodiac-constellations links from my 2010 Tiger Art  page to my new combined tiger-dragon page for 2012.  So I decided  to copy only the first 3 links from Tiger Art and then delete Tiger Art's next 8 more technically "celestial" links and move them to this more appropriate dual dragon-tiger page.  The original first 3 links remain on Tiger Art, but have been slightly modified on this page. Also on this page, between the 3 and the 8 (now only found here), I inserted yesterday's two newly grokked links (plus a spinoff from one of them). All this page needs now is to revisit the original 3 and 8 sites to see if there's any additional dragon info there, since in 2010 I was showcasing only the tiger.  Once this is done, I can finally resume work on this year's Dragon Art page.

Later, still 1/10/12, 10:25pm: it's taken all day and I might still find a few loose ends when I proof-read this page tomorrow, but I've now gone through the 3 + 8 links, added any relevant dragon info, found a few additional links that I like -- and the page is essentially done.

11 January 2012, 11:55pm: tweaked a few more things, added animation of stars/earth/plane,  and am now launching this page.

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